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Characterization and performance of dodecyl amine functionalized graphene oxide and dodecyl amine functionalized graphene/high-density polyethylene nanocomposites: A comparative study

Authors

  • Peng-Gang Ren,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of packaging engineering, Institute of Printing and Packaging Engineering, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
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  • Hao Wang,

    1. Department of packaging engineering, Institute of Printing and Packaging Engineering, Xi'an University of Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi, People's Republic of China
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  • Hua-Dong Huang,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
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  • Ding-Xiang Yan,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
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  • Zhong-Ming Li

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, College of Polymer Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China
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ABSTRACT

Dodecyl amine (DA) functionalized graphene oxide(DA-GO) and dodecyl amine functionalized reduced graphene oxide (DA-RGO) were produced by using amidation reaction and chemical reduction, then two kinds of well dispersed DA-GO/high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and DA-RGO/HDPE nanocomposites were prepared by solution mixing method and hot-pressing process. Thermogravimetric, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractions, and Raman spectroscopy analyses showed that DA was successfully grafted onto the graphene oxide surface by uncleophilic substitution and the amidation reaction, which increased the intragallery spacing of graphite oxide, resulting in the uniform dispersion of DA-GO and DA-RGO in the nonpolar xylene solvent. Morphological analysis of nanocomposites showed that both DA-GO and DA-RGO were homogeneously dispersed in HDPE matrix and formed strong interfacial interaction. Although the crystallinity, dynamic mechanical, gas barrier, and thermal stability properties of HDPE were significantly improved by addition of small amount of DA-GO or DA-RGO, the performance comparison of DA-GO/HDPE and DA-RGO/HDPE nanocomposites indicated that the reduction of DA-GO was not necessary because the interfacial adhesion and aspect ratio of graphene sheets had hardly changed after reduction, which resulting in almost the same properties between DA-GO/HDPE and DA-RGO/HDPE nanocomposites. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 39803.

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