Renaissance of aliphatic polycarbonates: New techniques and biomedical applications

Authors

  • Jianwen Xu,

    1. Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts
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  • Ellva Feng,

    1. Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts
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  • Jie Song

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Orthopedics and Physical Rehabilitation, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts
    2. Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts
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ABSTRACT

Aliphatic polycarbonates (APCs) were discovered a long time ago, with their conventional applications mostly limited to low-molecular-weight oligomeric intermediates for copolymerization with other prepolymers or small molecules. Recent developments in polymerization techniques have overcome the difficulty in preparing high-molecular-weight APCs. These in turn, along with new functional monomers, have enabled the preparation of a wide range of APCs with diverse chemical compositions and structures. This review summarizes the latest polymerization techniques for preparing well-defined functional APCs and the new applications of those APCs, especially in the biomedical field. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2014, 131, 39822.

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