Drying and curing behaviour of melamine formaldehyde resin impregnated papers

Authors

  • Martin Kohlmayr,

    1. impress decor Austria GmbH, Klagenfurterstrasse 87-89, Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria
    2. UFT Tulln/Institut für Holztechnologie und nachwachsende Rohstoffe, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 24, A-3430, Tulln, Austria
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  • Jörg Stultschnik,

    1. WOOD Carinthian Competence Center (W3C), Kompetenzzentrum Holz GmbH, Klagenfurterstrasse 87-89, Sankt Veit an der Glan, Austria
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  • Alfred Teischinger,

    1. School of Applied Chemistry, Reutlingen University, Alteburgstrasse 150, Reutlingen, Germany
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  • Andreas Kandelbauer

    Corresponding author
    1. UFT Tulln/Institut für Holztechnologie und nachwachsende Rohstoffe, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 24, A-3430, Tulln, Austria
    2. School of Applied Chemistry, Reutlingen University, Alteburgstrasse 150, Reutlingen, Germany
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ABSTRACT

Melamine formaldehyde (MF) resins are widely used for the gluing and surface coating of wood-based consumer products in the interior design of living environments. MF resins are especially relevant in decorative laminate applications because of their good performance-to-price ratio. In their industrial processing, an important intermediate state is the liquid MF prepolymer that is used for decorative paper impregnation. Here, the drying of impregnated papers is investigated with respect to premature curing. A new method to quantify water release upon drying that allows estimation of the degree of undesired precuring is described. Since curing proceeds via polycondensation, crosslinking brings about the release of water molecules. By thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), drying was studied in terms of water release due to physical drying (elimination of “dilution water”) and chemical crosslinking of the prepolymer to a three-dimensional MF network (elimination of chemically liberated water). The results obtained by TGA/IR spectroscopic analysis of the liberated volatiles show that the emission of water from b-stage MF can be clearly analytically separated into a physical (evaporation of dilution water) and a chemical (liberation via condensation) sequence. TGA experiments were correlated with curing experiments performed with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to estimate the residual crosslinking capacities of the impregnated papers. The drying conditions used during the preparation of impregnated decorative papers seemed to significantly affect their remaining reactivity only when harsh drying conditions were used. Upon heat exposure for prolonged time, precuring of the oligomer units results in a shift of the temperature maxima in TGA. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 39860.

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