Multiresponsive polyanionic microgels with inverse pH responsive behavior by encapsulation of polycationic nanogels

Authors

  • Jennifer M. Knipe,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, C0400, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
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  • Frances Chen,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, C0400, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
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  • Nicholas A. Peppas

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, C0400, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
    2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, C0800, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
    3. College of Pharmacy, C0400, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
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ABSTRACT

Intelligent, stimuli-responsive hydrogels have great utility in various fields spanning biomedical technology, separations, and catalysis. Their overall response to surrounding fluids may be further tailored to a specific application by incorporation of one or more intelligent responses within one material, known as multiresponsive hydrogels. This is a report on the facile synthesis and characterization of poly(methacrylic acid-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone) microgels encapsulating polycationic nanogels (70100 nm) to incorporate inverse pH responsive behavior within a single hydrogel. Potentiometric titration and pH swelling studies reveal a swelling response dependent on both pH and crosslinking agent. Additionally, a protein and a small molecule are loaded and released to evaluate the pH-dependent binding affinity. Such a material could exhibit unique protein-binding capacity and pH-responsive behavior for use in separation or drug delivery applications. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40098.

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