In this study, novel poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) composite scaffolds were prepared for bone tissue engineering applications, where gentamicin-loaded β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP)/gelatin microspheres were added to PCL. The effects of the amount of β-TCP/gelatin microspheres added to the PCL scaffold on various properties, such as the gentamicin release rate, biodegradability, morphology, mechanical strength, and pore size distribution, were investigated. A higher amount of filler caused a reduction in the mechanical properties and an increase in the pore size and led to a faster release of gentamicin. Human osteosarcoma cells (Saos-2) were seeded on the prepared composite scaffolds, and the viability of cells having alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was observed for all of the scaffolds after 3 weeks of incubation. Cell proliferation and differentiation enhanced the mechanical strength of the scaffolds. Promising results were obtained for the development of bone cells on the prepared biocompatible, biodegradable, and antimicrobial composite scaffolds. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40110.