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Hybrid sol gel coating: A solution to prevent interactions between plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) and injectable drugs?



During the infusion of drugs with medical devices in plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) release of plasticizers in the injectable solution and/or sorption of drugs on PVC may occur. Thus, patient safety and/or effectiveness of his therapy may be altered. In this study, we assessed the efficiency of a sol gel hybrid coating in preventing plasticizers' release (di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP)) from PVC matrix and drug sorption into PVC. Remaining concentrations of drugs and plasticizer's concentration released after migration tests were assessed by liquid chromatography. Migration processes were followed by Fourier Transform Infrared – Attenuated Total Reflectance (FTIR-ATR) spectroscopy and PVC surface changes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). An evaluation of the mechanical properties of both uncoated and coated polymer was done. The hybrid coating protects PVC from plasticizers leaching. Sorption of drugs tested is also limited. However, the protection against plasticized PVC interactions isn't optimal, probably due to a degradation of the layer, as shown on SEM microphotographs. Furthermore improvements might provide an efficient barrier to advert risks impaired to PVC interactions, to provide patient care safety. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40145.