Get access

Preparation and characterization of polychloroprene nanocomposites with cellulose nanofibers from oil palm empty fruit bunches as a nanofiller

Authors

  • Farah Fahma,

    1. Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, Japan
    2. Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor, Indonesia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Naruhito Hori,

    1. Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Tadahisa Iwata,

    1. Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Akio Takemura

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biomaterial Sciences, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author

ABSTRACT

Cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) from oil palm empty fruit bunches were chemically modified by acetylation with acetic anhydride and pyridine (as the solvent and catalyst). The acetylated CNFs showed good dispersion in a polychloroprene (PCR) matrix. The tensile strength and modulus of neat PCR were improved, whereas its elongation at break decreased with increasing nanofiber content. Above the glass-transition temperature (Tg), the dynamic mechanical analysis profiles showed that the storage modulus of the PCR–cellulose nanocomposites was higher than that of neat PCR. Meanwhile, the thermal stability was still maintained, and the Tg was close to the neat PCR at the 5 wt % addition level of CNFs. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40159.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary