Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-coated gelatin microspheres containing glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) were developed by thermal gelation through a water-in-oil emulsion technique. Gelatin types (A and B) at four different pH levels were investigated for their influences on the morphology, the microsphere size, the zeta potential, and the swelling ability. The encapsulation of GDNF and the release characteristics of GDNF were also determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The maximum cumulative released amounts of GDNF from the microspheres were increased from 50 to 90% after 4 d (based on the actual amount of the GDNF). Thus, the release of the GDNF contents in the microspheres depends on the amount of GDNF. Trigeminal ganglion cells (TGCs) were used to study the bioactivity of GDNF released from the microspheres, which was proven to retain its bioactivity in promoting the TGCs' neurite outgrowth. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40167.
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