The excellent synergistic effect of physical/mechanical properties of polyurethane/epoxy (PU/EP) interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) and the validity of nanofilling have one potential to improve the wear resistance of polymeric materials. With the aim of practical application, PU/EP IPN nanocomposites are prepared with nanodiamond (ND) as a reinforcing additive. Results showed the uniform thermal stability and the excellent compatibility between PU and EP in ND-hybridized PU/EP IPN. Simultaneously, ND particles work as crosslinked points improving the physical/mechanical properties of ND-hybridized PU/EP IPN, especially the wear resistance. The measurement of tribological property and the scanning electron microscope indicated that the wear resistance is able to be improved a lot by the formation of IPN and by the addition of ND. Consequently, the tribological mechanism of PU/EP IPN nanocomposites comes into being. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40244.