Rigid polyurethane foam (RPUF) composites filled with expandable graphite (EG), hollow glass microspheres (HGM), and glass fibers (GF) have been synthesized and characterized by limiting oxygen index, radiation ignition, compressing and torsion testing, and scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate HGM and GF benefit to the mechanical properties, while EG is good for flame retardancy. Proper ingredient of additive can lead to good flame retardancy and mechanical properties of the RPUF. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40253.