A semicrystalline copolyimide derived from 3,3′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (s-BPDA), 1,3-bis-(4-aminophenoxy)benzene (TPER), and 4,4′-oxydianiline (4,4′-ODA), end capped with phthalic anhydride (PA), was synthesized. Glass fiber reinforced composite was also prepared by impregnating powdery glass fiber with poly(amic acid) followed by solution imidization techniques. This copolyimide displayed a glass transition temperature of 202°C and a melting temperature of 373°C by differential scanning colorimeter (DSC). Crystallization and melting behaviors were investigated under nonisothermal and isothermal crystallization conditions. Double exothermic peaks were found by DSC when the copolyimide was cooled from the melt and multiple melting behaviors can be observed after the coployimide had been isothermally crystallized at different temperatures. Mechanical properties were investigated by dynamical mechanical analysis (DMA) and tensile experiments. The samples were cured at different temperatures and then tested at different temperatures. Results indicated that the copolyimide and the composite showed excellent mechanical properties. Additionally, this copolyimide also showed lower melt viscosity by rheological analysis. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40345.