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Tung oil-based thermosetting polymers for self-healing applications



Several bio-renewable thermosetting polymers were successfully prepared from tung oil through cationic polymerization for the use as the healing agent in self-healing microencapsulated applications. The tung oil triglyceride was blended with its methyl ester, which was produced by saponification followed by esterification. The changes in storage modulus, loss modulus, and glass transition temperature as functions of the methyl ester content were measured using dynamic mechanical analysis. In addition, the fraction of cross-linked material in the polymer was calculated by Soxhlet extraction, while proton nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and TEM were used to investigate the structure of the copolymer networks. The thermal stability of the thermosets as a function of their methyl ester blend contents was determined by thermogravimetric analysis. Finally, the adhesive properties of the thermosets were studied using compressive lap shear and the fracture surfaces were analyzed using SEM. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40406.