Nanocomposites composed of organoclay and thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs) based on uncompatibilized or compatibilized polypropylene (PP)/ethylene–propylene–diene rubber (EPDM) blends were prepared in this study. The morphology of the nanocomposites was studied with wide-angle X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, which suggested that the addition of the compatibilizer played a key role in determining the morphology of the composites because of their interaction with the clay surface. Scanning electron microscopy study indicated the changes in the morphology of the rubber particles. Dynamic mechanical analysis was also applied to the analysis of these phenomena. Moreover, for nanocomposites with uncompatibilized PP/EPDM blends as the matrix, the samples showed tensile enhancement compared with neat TPV. Although the addition of the compatibilizer changed tensile properties of the composites in a rather different trend, the tensile modulus increased dramatically when the compatibilizer was added. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 40618.