Advance polyamide-6-b-polydimethylsiloxane (PA6-b-PDMS) multiblock copolymers were first synthesized via the polymerization in bulk. Binary carboxyl terminated PA6 was served as the hard segment and PDMS modified with hexamethylene diisocyanate (PDMS-NCO) was the soft segment. A series of PA6-b-PDMS copolymers based on different content and length of soft segments were obtained. Interestingly, Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) studies revealed no obvious change in melting temperature after introducing PDMS segments to copolymers. The high melting temperatures indicated these copolymers possess potential applications in automotive industry that require high continuous use temperatures. DSC and transmission electron microscopy studies both demonstrated increasing the length and the content of the soft segment contributed to increasing of the degree of microphase separation. However, the improvement of thermal stability resulting from PDMS segments was also observed by thermo gravimetric analysis. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 41114.