The pressure–volume–temperature (pvT) relationship of polymers is vitally important information in designing and manufacturing polymers. Because of the special behavior of polymers, however, it is extremely difficult to accurately measure the data in a way that matches the thermal conditions of injection molding, which is one of the most widely used processing methods. As neither widely used, commercially available measuring devices, nor special equipment mentioned in the literature can fully satisfy this need, it was decided to build a new device able to determine the pvT relationship during injection molding of the polymer. The new device consists of a special mold that can be used on an injection molding machine and a data collection system connected to it. With the help of this device, pvT data can be measured during processing according to the thermal conditions of injection molding, and also considerably faster, and even in an industrial setting. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 41140.