The interaction between two dyes (AO7 and AG25) during adsorption was studied in detail with diethylenetriamine-modified chitosan beads (CTSN-beads) as the adsorbent. Results indicate that the adsorption capacities and rates were directly related to the molecular size of the dye. The adsorption capacity and rate of AO7 could be greatly weakened by interaction with AG 25 during adsorption, which has a larger molecular size. The adsorption followed the pseudo-second-order kinetic equation and Freundlich model gave a satisfying correlation with the equilibrium data both in the single and binary component system. Adsorption could be divided into three stages, each controlled by different mechanisms. Temperature experiments showed high temperature was beneficial to the mass transfer of dyes. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 41168.