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Effect of poly(ethylene glycol) on the properties and foaming behavior of macroporous poly(lactic acid)/sodium chloride scaffold

Authors

  • Bin-Yi Chen,

    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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  • Yuan-Sheng Wang,

    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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  • Hao-Yang Mi,

    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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  • Peng Yu,

    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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  • Tai-Rong Kuang,

    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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  • Xiang-Fang Peng,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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  • Jing-Song Wen

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, National Engineering Research Center of Novel Equipment for Polymer Processing, Key Laboratory of Polymer Processing Engineering of Ministry of Education, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
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ABSTRACT

In this study, we prepared poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)/sodium chloride (NaCl) blends by melt blending with a triple-screw dynamic extruder. The effects of PEG on the thermal property, mechanical property, and morphology of blends were investigated in detail. It was found that the incorporation of PEG and NaCl significantly improved the crystallization rate, elongation at break, surface adhesion, and reduced viscoelasticity of PLA. The blends were further batch-foamed at different temperatures with supercritical carbon dioxide to study the foaming properties. The results of PLA/PEG/NaCl (50 : 10 : 40 wt %) composites after foaming and particle leaching revealed that an interconnected bimodal porous scaffold with the highest porosity of 89% could be achieved. Furthermore, the addition of PEG can significantly reduce the water contact angle so as to enhance the wetting ability of the scaffolds. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2014, 131, 41181.

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