Study of the effect of processing conditions on the co-injection of PBS/PBAT and PTT/PBT blends for parts with increased bio-content

Authors

  • Matthew Zaverl,

    1. School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
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  • Oscar Valerio,

    1. School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    2. Department of Plant Agriculture, Bioproducts Discovery and Development Center (BDDC), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
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  • Manjusri Misra,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    2. Department of Plant Agriculture, Bioproducts Discovery and Development Center (BDDC), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
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  • Amar Mohanty

    1. School of Engineering, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada
    2. Department of Plant Agriculture, Bioproducts Discovery and Development Center (BDDC), University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada
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ABSTRACT

This work studies the effect of processing parameters on mechanical properties and material distribution of co-injected polymer blends within a complex mold shape. A partially bio-sourced blend of poly(butylene terephthalate) and poly(trimethylene terephthalate) PTT/PBT was used for the core, with a tough biodegradable blend of poly (butylene succinate) and poly (butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) PBS/PBAT for the skin. A ½ factorial design of experiments is used to identify significant processing parameters from skin and core melt temperatures, injection speed and pressure, and mold temperature. Interactions between the processing effects are considered, and the resulting statistical data produced accurate linear models indicating that the co-injection of the two blends can be controlled. Impact strength of the normally brittle PTT/PBT blend is shown to increase significantly with co-injection and variations in core to skin volume ratios to have a determining role in the overall impact strength. Scanning electron microscope images were taken of co-injected tensile samples with the PBS/PBAT skin dissolved displaying variations of mechanical interlocking occurring between the two blends. © 2014 The Authors Journal of Applied Polymer Science Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2015, 132, 41278.

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