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Study on the preparation and mechanical properties of injection-moulded wood-based plastics

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ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study were to prepare injection-moulded wood-based plastics and to characterize their mechanical properties. Injection-moulded wood-based plastics with satisfactory flexural (65.7 MPa) and tensile strengths (30.1 MPa) were successfully obtained through a simple reaction of mulberry branch meal with phthalic anhydride (PA) in 1-methylimidazole under mild condition. The X-ray diffraction results indicated complete disruption of the crystallinity of cellulose because the pattern obtained for esterified fiber was almost a straight line without any peaks. The peaks in the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra (1738 and 748 cm−1) and NMR spectra (173.3 and 133.5 ppm) indicated the attachment of 0-carboxybenzoyl groups onto the wood fibers via ester bonds. The differential scanning calorimetry curves showed that the glass transition temperature decreased with increasing weight percentage gain (WPG). The derivative thermogravimetric analysis curves indicated that esterified wood fiber was less thermally stable than the untreated fiber and that the component tends to be homogeneous with increasing WPG. Scanning electron microscope revealed that the fractured surfaces of most samples were smooth and uniform but that high temperature and less PA dosage could lead to the appearance of holes and cracks. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2015, 132, 41376.

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