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Keywords:

  • biodiversity;
  • Europe;
  • last glacial maximum (LGM);
  • riverine fish

Abstract

  • 1.
    This study aims to illustrate, on a European scale, how the congruence between riverine fish species richness and endemism is strongly related to biogeographical history.
  • 2.
    A positive curvilinear relationship between species richness and endemism was found for Ponto-Caspian Europe and peri-Mediterranea, both spared by the last glacial maximum.
  • 3.
    These results have important implications for European riverine fish biodiversity conservation, notably with regard to peri-Mediterranea, which is expected to suffer from major climatic changes during the 21st century.

Copyright © 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.