Integrated approach to teaching and testing in histology with real and virtual imaging


  • Paul M. Heidger Jr,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA 52242
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    • Fax: 319-335-7198

  • Fred Dee,

  • Daniel Consoer,

  • Timothy Leaven,

  • James Duncan,

  • Clarence Kreiter


The University of Iowa College of Medicine histology teaching laboratory incorporates extensive Web- and computer-based teaching modalities, including the Virtual Microscope (VM), as emerging learning aids in histology and pathology laboratory instruction. We report here our experience in offering a multiple resource-based approach to laboratory instruction while retaining the opportunity and requirement of examining actual microscopic slide preparations with the microscope. Acceptance of this approach has been high among our students and faculty, and performance levels established over years of teaching histology by traditional means have been maintained. Anat Rec (New Anat) 269:107–112, 2002. © 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.