A protein of approximately 28,000 relative molecular mass (Mr) cross-reacting with antiserum against the 28,000-Mr rat renal calcium-binding protein (calbindin-D28k) has been localized in the kidney of a salientian amphibian, Rana catesbeiana. Cells reactive for calbindin-D28k were found in the distal tubule at all stages of metamorphosis by the unlabeled antibody peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. Adult kidneys appeared to have more calbindin-D28k-positive cells. The renal corpuscle, neck, and proximal tubule were negative. An immunoreactive 28,000-Mr band that comigrated with the band of calbindin-D28k was visualized by the immunoblot technique. The finding of the 28,000-Mr calbindin-D in the anamniotic kidney demonstrates that this calcium-binding protein (CaBP) is phylogenetically older than our previous studies of higher vertebrates had revealed (Rhoten et al., 1985). Although the function of calbindin-D28k in the distal nephron is unknown, this CaBP can now be presumed to have functional significance in the mesonephric as well as the metanephric kidney.