Embryological development of human palmar, plantar, and digital flexion creases
Article first published online: 1 FEB 2005
Copyright © 1986 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
The Anatomical Record
Volume 216, Issue 2, pages 191–197, October 1986
How to Cite
Kimura, S. and Kitagawa, T. (1986), Embryological development of human palmar, plantar, and digital flexion creases. Anat. Rec., 216: 191–197. doi: 10.1002/ar.1092160211
- Issue published online: 1 FEB 2005
- Article first published online: 1 FEB 2005
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 APR 1986
- Manuscript Received: 6 MAR 1986
The aim of this study is to document the prenatal stages of development of the flexion creases on the surfaces of the human palm, sole, and digits. We used 160 human fetuses, 6–20 weeks of gestational age, to observe the morphological features of the hand and foot, as well as the period and location of the appearance of the flexion creases. We found that most creases develop concurrently with the appearance of the fetal volar pads and the rest develop independently of them. Furthermore, with some exceptions, the creases seem to develop independently of the flexion movements of hand and foot.