SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Abstract

Architectural arrangement, ultrastructure, and selected histochemical properties of the newt (Notophthalmus viridescens) liver were examined. Although hematopoietic tissue (1–4 cells thick) invested the liver, direct vascular communication between this tissue and hepatic parenchyma was not observed. The liver was intensely positive when stained with Oil-red-O and periodic acid-Schiff reagent and connective tissue was limited to large vascular channels and the capsule. A distinctive polarity was observed in the hepatic vascular system when lobes were viewed in cross section. Dorsally, portal venules accompanied arterioles and branches of the biliary system, while tributaries of hepatic veins were observed ventrally. Following perfusion fixation, hepatocytes appeared as sheets of cells 1–5 cells thick; however, lobules as defined in adult mammalian liver were absent. Hepatocytes contained abundant smooth endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, electron-dense lysosomes, patches of granular endoplasmic reticulum, and lipid droplets. Continuous endothelial cells lined sinusoids and exhibited fenestrae organized into structures similar to sieve plates observed in mammalian liver. Variable numbers of melanin-containing macrophages and subendothelial macrophages were observed; however, Kupffer cells and lipid containing perisinusoidal fat-storing cells were not seen. Patterns of reaction product for glucose-6-phosphatase (G-6-Pase), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), and succinic dehydrogenase (SDH) were localized in the newt liver. All enzymes exhibited a uniform distribution pattern; however, small punctate regions of intensely positive G-6-PDH cells were noted within hepatic parenchyma. Cells comprising the hematopoietic tissue were intensely positive for G-6-Pase, G-6-PHD, and negative for SDH.