The synthesis, intracellular translocation, and secretion of mannose-containing glycoproteins(s) by periodontal ligament fibroblasts have been investigated by means of electron microscopic radioautography. Tritiated mannose was administered to young mice via jugular vein, and radioautographs were prepared at 5, 10, 20, and 35 minutes, 4 and 8 hours after injection. Analysis of electron microscopic radioautographs revealed a maximum labeling (94%) with 3H-mannose of the rough endoplasmic reticulum at 5 minutes. Labeling of the Golgi components started to increase from 10 minutes (14%) and reached a maximum level at 20 minutes (31.2%). At 35 minutes, secretion granules, dense bodies, profiles of intracellular collagen, and the cell surface were labeled. At 8 hours, most labelling (79.2%) was extracellular, and associated either with the collagenous matrix (43.7%) or the cell surface (35.5%). Cytoplasmic vesicles containing dense materials around collagen fibrils were also labeled at 8 hours. It is concluded that mannose is directly incorporated into the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), and that mannose-containing glycoprotein(s) are packaged in the Golgi apparatus into secretory granules. Mannose-containing glycoproteins(s) become distributed on the periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblast cell surface, cytoplasmic dense bodies, and the extracellular matrix.