Background: Pituitary hormones play an important role in bone growth, modeling, and remodeling. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of hypophysectomy (HX) on tibial cortical bone with histomorphometry.
Methods: Forty-Five female Sprague-Dawiey rats, at 3 months of age, were hypophysectomized or served as intact controls. They were sacrificed at 0, 2, and 5 weeks after the surgery. Cortical bone histomorphometry was performed on double-fluorescent-labeled 30-mcm-thick sections of the tibial shaft.
Results: The dry weight and density of tibial diaphysis and the cortical bone area of the tibial shaft in the HX rats were significantly lower (P<0.05) than that of the age-matched intact rats, but did not differ between the HX and basal control rats. The dynamic data show that the bone formation parameters (labeled surface, mineral apposition rate, and bone formation rate) were profoundly decreased (P<0.01) on both the periosteal and endocortical surfaces in the HX rats as compared with the age-matched intact rats at the 2 and 5 weeks. However, the decrease in the labeled surface was much less on the endocortical envelope than on the periosteal envelope in the HX rats. Although no significant change was detected in the medullar size between the HX and age-matched intact rats, the eroded surface on the endocortical surface was greater (P<0.05) in the HX rats than in the intact rats at either time point.
Conclusions: Hypophysectomy-suppressed, radial growth-dependent bone gain without a bone loss in the tibial shaft of the young rat. This is associated with decreased modeling-dependent bone formation. A greater eroded surface on the endosteum did not affect the marrow size at 5 weeks after hypophysectomy. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.