SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Anderson W,Anderson BG,Smith BJ. 1994. Atlas of canine anatomy. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.
  • Bojsen-Møller F,Fahrenkrug J. 1971. Nasal swell-bodies and cyclic changes in the air passage of the rat and rabbit nose. J Anat 110: 2537.
  • Briand L,Eloit C,Nespoulous C,Bezirard V,Huet JC,Henry C,Blon F,Trotier D,Pernollet JC. 2002. Evidence of an odorant-binding protein in the human olfactory mucus: location, structural characterization, and odorant-binding properties. Biochemistry 41: 72417252.
  • Buck LB. 2004. Olfactory receptors and odor coding in mammals. Nutr Rev 62: S184S188.
  • Burk RL. 1992. Computed tomographic anatomy of the canine nasal passages. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 33: 170176.
  • Chapra SC,Canale RP. 2002. Numerical methods for engineers. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • Craven BA. 2008. A fundamental study of the internal aerodynamics and transport phenomena of canine olfaction. PhD thesis. Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University.
  • De Rycke LM,Saunders JH,Gielen IM,van Bree HJ,Simoens PJ. 2003. Magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and cross-sectional views of the anatomy of normal nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses in mesaticephalic dogs. Am J Vet Res 64: 10931098.
  • Debat H,Eloit C,Blon F,Sarazin B,Henry C,Huet JC,Trotier D,Pernollet JC. 2007. Identification of human olfactory cleft mucus proteins using proteomic analysis. J Proteome Res 6: 19851996.
  • Dodd GH,Squirrel DJ. 1980. Structure and mechanism in the mammalian olfactory system. Symp Zool Soc Lond 45: 3536.
  • Evans HE. 1993. Miller's anatomy of the dog. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Saunders.
  • Firestein S. 2001. How the olfactory system makes sense of scents. Nature 413: 211218.
  • Geiser M,Hof VI,Siegenthaler W,Grunder R,Gehr P. 1997. Ultrastructure of the aqueous lining layer in hamster airways: is there a two-phase system? Microsc Res Tech 36: 428437.
  • Getchell TV,Heck GL,Desimone JA,Price S. 1980. Location of olfactory receptor-sites - inferences from latency measurements. Biophys J 29: 397411.
  • Getchell ML,Getchell TV. 1992. Fine-structural aspects of secretion and extrinsic innervation in the olfactory mucosa. Microsc Res Tech 23: 111127.
  • Gonzalez RC,Woods RE. 2002. Digital image processing. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
  • Granito S. 1971. Calculated retention of aerosol particles in the rat lung. MS thesis. University of Chicago.
  • Gross EA,Swenberg JA,Fields S,Popp JA. 1982. Comparative morphometry of the nasal cavity in rats and mice. J Anat 135: 8388.
  • Guilmette RA,Wicks JD,Wolff RK. 1989. Morphometry of human nasal airways in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging. J Aerosol Med 2: 365377.
  • Hahn I,Scherer PW,Mozell MM. 1994. A mass transport model of olfaction. J Theor Biol 167: 115128.
  • Harris AJ,Squires SM,Hockings PD,Campbell SP,Greenhill RW,Mould A,Reid DG. 2003. Determination of surface areas, volumes, and lengths of cynomolgus monkey nasal cavities by ex vivo magnetic resonance imaging. J Aerosol Med 16: 99105.
  • Hopkins LM,Kelly JT,Wexler AS,Prasad AK. 2000. Particle image velocimetry measurements in complex geometries. Exp Fluids 29: 9195.
  • Incropera FP,DeWitt DP. 2002. Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer. 5th ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
  • Jonmarker S,Valdman A,Lindberg A,Hellstrom M,Egevad L. 2006. Tissue shrinkage after fixation with formalin injection of prostatectomy specimens. Virchows Arch 449: 297301.
  • Kepler GM,Richardson RB,Morgan KT,Kimbell JS. 1998. Computer simulation of inspiratory nasal airflow and inhaled gas uptake in a rhesus monkey. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 150: 111.
  • Keyhani K,Scherer PW,Mozell MM. 1995. Numerical simulation of airflow in the human nasal cavity. J Biomech Eng 117: 429441.
  • Keyhani K,Scherer PW,Mozell MM. 1997. A numerical model of nasal odorant transport for the analysis of human olfaction. J Theor Biol 186: 279301.
  • Kimbell JS,Gross EA,Joyner DR,Godo MN,Morgan KT. 1993. Application of computational fluid dynamics to regional dosimetery of inhaled chemicals in the upper respiratory tract of the rat. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 121: 253263.
  • Kimbell JS,Godo MN,Gross EA,Joyner DR,Richardson RB,Morgan KT. 1997. Computer simulation of inspiratory airflow in all regions of the F344 rat nasal passages. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 145: 388398.
  • Kimbell JS,Subramaniam RP,Gross EA,Schlosser PM,Morgan KT. 2001. Dosimetry modeling of inhaled formaldehyde: comparisons of local flux predictions in the rat, monkey, and human nasal passages. Toxicol Sci 64: 100110.
  • Lindemann J,Keck T,Wiesmiller K,Sander L,Brambs HJ,Rettinger G,Pless D. 2004. A numerical simulation of intranasal air temperature during inspiration. Laryngoscope 114: 10371041.
  • Lorensen WE,Cline HE. 1987. Marching cubes: a high resolution 3D surface construction algorithm. Comput Graph 21: 163169.
  • Loudon C,Tordesillas A. 1998. The use of the dimensionless Womersley number to characterize the unsteady nature of internal flow. J Theor Biol 191: 6378.
  • Lovejoy S. 1982. Area-perimeter relation for rain and cloud areas. Science 216: 185187.
  • Mandelbrot BB. 1977. Fractals: form, chance, and dimension. San Francisco: WH Freeman and Company.
  • Menache MG,Hanna LM,Gross EA,Lou SR,Zinreich SJ,Leopold DA,Jarabek AM,Miller FJ. 1997. Upper respiratory tract surface areas and volumes of laboratory animals and humans: considerations for dosimetry models. J Toxicol Environ Health 50: 475506.
  • Menco BPM,Farbman AI. 1992. Ultrastructural evidence for multiple mucous domains in frog olfactory epithelium. Cell Tissue Res 270: 4756.
  • Mercury Computer Systems, Inc. 2006. Amira 4.1 Reference Guide. Chelmsford, MA: Mercury Computer Systems, Inc.
  • Mery S,Gross EA,Joyner DR,Godo M,Morgan KT. 1994. Nasal diagrams - a tool for recording the distribution of nasal lesions in rats and mice. Toxicol Pathol 22: 353372.
  • Minard KR,Einstein DR,Jacob RE,Kabilan S,Kuprat AP,Timchalk CA,Trease LL,Corley RA. 2006. Application of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the development and validation of computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models of the rat respiratory system. Inhal Toxicol 18: 787794.
  • Morrison EE,Costanzo RM. 1992a. Morphology and plasticity of the vertebrate olfactory epithelium. In: SerbyMJ,ChoborKL, editors. Science of olfaction. New York: Springer-Verlag, Inc. p 3150.
  • Morrison EE,Costanzo RM. 1992b. Morphology of olfactory epithelium in humans and other vertebrates. Microsc Res Tech 23: 4961.
  • Mygind N,Pedersen M,Nielsen MH. 1982. Morphology of the upper airway epithelium. In: ProctorDF,AndersonIB, editors. The nose: upper airway physiology and the atmospheric environment. New York: Elsevier Biomedical Press. p 7197.
  • Negus VE. 1958. The comparative anatomy and physiology of the nose and paranasal sinuses. London: Livingstone.
  • Patra AL,Menache MG,Shaka NB,Gooya A. 1987. A morphometric study of nasal-pharyngeal growth for particle deposition in the rat. Am Indust Hyg Assoc J 48: 556562.
  • Peacock J,Jones T,Tock C,Lutz R. 1997. An in vitro study on the effect of branch points on the stability of coronary artery flow. Med Eng Phys 19: 101108.
  • Peacock J,Jones T,Tock C,Lutz R. 1998. The onset of turbulence in physiological pulsatile flow in a straight tube. Exp Fluids 24: 19.
  • Pernollet JC,Sanz G,Briand L. 2006. Olfactory receptors and odour coding. C R Biol 329: 679690.
  • Proctor DF. 1982. The mucociliary system. In: ProctorDF,AndersonIB, editors. The nose: upper airway physiology and the atmospheric environment. New York: Elsevier Biomedical Press. p 245278.
  • Reznik GK. 1990. Comparative anatomy, physiology, and function of the upper respiratory-tract. Environ Health Perspect 85: 171176.
  • Richmond BG,Wright BW,Grosse I,Dechow PC,Ross CF,Spencer MA,Strait DS. 2005. Finite element analysis in functional morphology. Anat Rec 283A: 259274.
  • Ryan TM,van Rietbergen B. 2006. Mechanical significance of femoral head trabecular bone structure in Loris and Galago evaluated using micromechanical finite element models. Am J Phys Anthropol 126: 8296.
  • Schmidt-Nielsen K. 1997. Animal physiology: adaptation and environment. 5th ed. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Schreider JP. 1977. Lung anatomy and characteristics of aerosol retention of the guinea pig. PhD thesis. University of Chicago.
  • Schreider JP. 1983. Nasal airway anatomy and inhalation deposition in experimental animals and people. In: ReznikG,StinsonS, editors. Nasal tumors in animals and man. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. p 136.
  • Schreider JP,Hutchens JO. 1980. Morphology of the guinea-pig respiratory-tract. Anat Rec 196: 313321.
  • Schreider JP,Raabe OG. 1981. Anatomy of the nasal-pharyngeal airway of experimental animals. Anat Rec 200: 195205.
  • Settles GS. 2005. Sniffers: fluid-dynamic sampling for olfactory trace detection in nature and homeland security - the 2004 Freeman Scholar Lecture. J Fluids Eng 127: 189218.
  • Settles GS,Kester DA,Dodson-Dreibelbis LJ. 2003. The external aerodynamics of canine olfaction. In: BarthFG,HumphreyJAC,SecombTW, editors. Sensors and sensing in biology and engineering. Vienna: Springer-Verlag. p 323355.
  • Shepherd GM. 2004. The human sense of smell: are we better than we think? PLoS Biol 2: 572575.
  • Stitzel SE,Stein DR,Walt DR. 2003. Enhancing vapor sensor discrimination by mimicking a canine nasal cavity flow environment. J Am Chem Soc 125: 36843685.
  • Subramaniam RP,Richardson RB,Morgan KT,Kimbell JS,Guilmette RA. 1998. Computational fluid dynamics simulations of inspiratory airflow in the human nose and nasopharynx. Inhal Toxicol 10: 473502.
  • Sutter NB,Bustamante CD,Chase K,Gray MM,Zhao KY,Zhu L,Padhukasahasram B,Karlins E,Davis S,Jones PG,Quignon P,Johnson GS,Parker HG,Fretwell N,Mosher DS,Lawler DF,Satyaraj E,Nordborg M,Lark KG,Wayne RK,Ostrander EA. 2007. A single IGF1 allele is a major determinant of small size in dogs. Science 316: 112115.
  • Thorne C. 1995. Feeding behavior of domestic dogs and the role of experience. In: SerpellJ, editor. The domestic dog: its evolution, behavior, and interactions with people. New York: Cambridge University Press. p 103114.
  • Timchalk C,Trease HE,Trease LL,Minard KR,Corley RA. 2001. Potential technology for studying dosimetry and response to airborne chemical and biological pollutants. Toxicol Indust Health 17: 270276.
  • Uhl JF,Park JS,Chung MS,Delmas V. 2006. Three-dimensional reconstruction of urogenital tract from visible Korean human. Anat Rec 288A: 893899.
  • Van Valkenburgh B,Theodor J,Friscia A,Pollack A,Rowe T. 2004. Respiratory turbinates of canids and felids: a quantitative comparison. J Zool 264: 281293.
  • Webber RL,Jeffcoat MK,Harman JT,Ruttimann UE. 1987. MR demonstration of the nasal cycle in the beagle dog. J Comput Assist Tomogr 11: 869871.
  • Wexler D,Braverman I,Amar M. 2006. Histology of the nasal septal swell body (septal turbinate). Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 134: 596600.
  • White FM. 2003. Fluid mechanics. 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc.
  • Yeh HC,Brinker RM,Harkema JR,Muggenburg BA. 1997. A comparative analysis of primate nasal airways using magnetic resonance imaging and nasal casts. J Aerosol Med 10: 319329.