SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Ailamazyan EK,Kirillova OV,Polyanin AA,Kogan IY. 2003. Functional morphology of ductus venosus in human fetus. Neuro Endocrinol Lett 24: 2832.
  • Barbera-Guillem E,Arrue JM,Ballesteros J,Vidal-Vanaclocha F. 1986. Structural changes in endothelial cells of developing rat liver in the transition from fetal to postnatal life. J Ultrastruct Mol Struct Res 97: 197206.
  • Barclay AE,Franklin KJ,Prichard MML. 1944. The foetal circulation and cardiovascular system, and the changes that they undergo at birth. Oxford: Nuffield Institute for Medical Research, Blackwell Scientific Publication.
  • Bartok I,Toth J,Remenar E,Viragh S. 1983. Fine structure of perisinusoidal cells in developing human and mouse liver. Acta Morphol Hung 31: 337352.
  • Bordoni V,Alonzi T,Zanetta L,Khouri D,Conti A,Corazzari M,Bertolini F,Antoniotti P,Pisani G,Tognoli F,Dejana E,Tripodi M. 2007. Hepatocyte-conditioned medium sustains endothelial differentiation of human hematopoietic-endothelial progenitors. Hepatology 45: 12181228.
  • Carpenter B,Lin Y,Stoll S,Raffai RL,McCuskey R,Wang R. 2005. VEGF is crucial for the hepatic vascular development required for lipoprotein uptake. Development 132: 32933303.
  • Champetier J,Yver R,Tomasella T. 1989. Functional anatomy of the liver of the human fetus: applications to ultrasonography. Surg Radiol Anat 11: 5362.
  • Cherqui S,Kurian SM,Schussler O,Hewel JA,Yates JR,Salomon DR. 2006. Isolation and angiogenesis by endothelial progenitors in the fetal liver. Stem Cells 24: 4454.
  • Couinaud C. 1999. Liver anatomy: portal (and suprahepatic) or biliary segmentation. Dig Surg 16: 459467.
  • Couvelard A,Scoazec JY,Dauge MC,Bringuier AF,Potet F,Feldmann G. 1996. Structural and functional differentiation of sinusoidal endothelial cells during liver organogenesis in humans. Blood 148: 165175.
  • Couvelard A,Bringuier AF,Dauge MC,Nejjari M,Darai E,Benifla JL,Feldmann G,Henin D,Scoazec JY. 1997. Expression of integrins during liver organogenesis in humans. Hepatology 39: 336349.
  • Del Rio Lozano I,Andrews WH. 1966. A study by means of vascular casts of small vessels related to the mammalian portal vein. J Anat 100: 665673.
  • DeLeve LD,Wang X,Hu L,McCuskey MK,McCuskey RS. 2004. Rat liver sinusoidal endothelial cell phenotype is maintained by paracrine and autocrine regulation. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 287: G757G763.
  • Desmet VJ. 1991. Embryology of the liver and intrahepatic biliary tract, and an overview of malformations of the bile duct. In: MacIntyreN,BenhamouJP,BircherJ,RizzetoM,RodesJ, editors. Oxford textbook of clinical hepatology. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p 497517.
  • Dickson AD. 1957. The development of the ductus venosus in man and the goat. J Anat 91: 358368.
  • Edelstone DI. 1980. Regulation of blood flow through the ductus venosus. J Dev Physiol 2: 219238.
  • Enzan H,Hara H,Yamashita Y,Ohkita T,Yamane T. 1983. Fine structure of hepatic sinusoids and their development in human embryos and fetuses. Acta Pathol Jpn 33: 447466.
  • Enzan H,Himeno H,Hiroi M,Kiyoku H,Saibara T,Onishi S. 1997. Development of hepatic sinusoidal structure with special reference to the Ito cells. Microsc Res Tech 39: 336349.
  • Funyu J,Mochida S,Inao M,Matsui A,Fujiwara K. 2001. VEGF can act as vascular permeability factor in the hepatic sinusoids through upregulation of porosity of endothelial cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 280: 481485.
  • Gallego C,Velasco M,Marcuello P,Tejedor D,De Campo L,Friera A. 2002. Congenital and acquired anomalies of the portal venous system. Radiographics 22: 141159.
  • Gallego C,Miralles M,Marin C,Muyor P,Gonzalez G,Garcia-Hidalgo E. 2004. Congenital hepatic shunts. Radiographics 24: 755772.
  • Gennser G. 1992. Fetal ductus venosus and its sphincter mechanism. Lancet 339: 132.
  • Godlewski G,Gaubert-Cristol R,Rouy S,Prudhomme M. 1997. Liver development in the rat and in man during the embryonic period (Carnegie stages 11–23). Microsc Res Tech 39: 314327.
  • Gouysse G,Couvelard A,Frachon S,Bouvier R,Nejjari M,Dauge MC,Feldmann G,Henin D,Scoazec JY. 2002. Relationship between vascular development and vascular differentiation during liver organogenesis in humans. J Hepatol 37: 730740.
  • Haugen G,Kiserud T,Godfrey K,Crozier S,Hanson M. 2004. Portal and umbilical venous blood supply to the liver in the human fetus near term. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 24: 599605.
  • Howard ER. 1999. Encephalopathy without cirrhosis: hunt the shunt. Gut 45: 329330.
  • Hutchins GM,Moore GW. 1988. Growth and asymmetry of the human liver during the embryonic period. Pediatr Pathol 8: 1724.
  • Joyce AD,Howard ER. 1988. Rare congenital anomaly of the portal vein. Br J Surg 75: 10381039.
  • Jung J,Zheng M,Goldfarb M,Zaret KS. 1999. Initiation of mammalian liver development from endoderm by fibroblast growth factors. Science 284: 19982003.
  • Kiserud T,Acharya G. 2004. The fetal circulation. Prenat Diagn 24: 10491059.
  • Kiserud T,Rasmussen S,Skulstad S. 2000. Blood flow and the degree of shunting through the ductus venosus in the human fetus. Am J Obstet Gynecol 182: 147153.
  • Lalor PF,Lai WK,Curbishley SM,Shetty S,Adams DH. 2006. Human hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells can be distinguished by expression of phenotypic markers related to their specialised functions in vivo. World J Gastroenterol 12: 54295439.
  • Lammert E,Cleaver O,Melton D. 2003. Role of endothelial cells in early pancreas and liver development. Mech Dev 120: 5964.
  • Lassau JP,Bastian D. 1983. Organogenesis of the venous structures of the human liver: a hemodynamic theory. Anat Clin 5: 97102.
  • Lu X,Le Noble F,Yuan L,Jiang Q,De Lafarge B,Sugiyama D,Breant C,Claes F,De Smet F,Thomas JL,Autiero M,Carmeliet P,Tessier-Lavigne M,Eichmann A. 2004. The netrin receptor UNC5B mediates guidance events controlling morphogenesis of the vascular system. Nature 432: 179186.
  • Machiarelli G,Makabe S,Motta P. 1988. Scanning electron microscopy of adult and fetal liver sinusoids. In: Bioulac-SageP,BalabaudC, editors. Sinusoids in human liver: health and disease. Rijswijk: Kupffer Cell Foundation. p 6381.
  • Makabe S,Motta PM. 1980. Scanning electron microscopy of foetal liver sinusoids in humans. Folia Morphol (Praha) 28: 8587.
  • Mall FP. 1906. A study of the structural unit of the liver. Am J Anat 5: 227306.
  • Marks C. 1969. Developmental basis of the portal venous system. Am J Surg 117: 671681.
  • Matsumoto K,Yoshitomi H,Rossant J,Zaret KS. 2001. Liver organogenesis promoted by endothelial cells prior to vascular function. Science 294: 559563.
  • Mavrides E,Moscoso G,Carvalho JS,Campbell S,Thilaganathan B. 2001. The anatomy of the umbilical, portal and hepatic venous systems in the human fetus at 14–19 weeks of gestation. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 18: 598604.
  • Mavrides E,Moscoso G,Carvalho JS,Campbell S,Thilaganathan B. 2002. The human ductus venosus between 13 and 17 weeks of gestation: histological and morphometric studies. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 116: 392400.
  • Meyer WW,Lind J. 1966. The ductus venosus and the mechanism of its closure. Arch Dis Child 41: 597605.
  • Modis L,Martinez-Hernandez A. 1991. Hepatocytes modulate the hepatic microvascular phenotype. Lab Invest 195: 17.
  • Morin FR,Winsberg F. 1978. Ultrasonic and radiographic study of the vessels of the fetal liver. J Clin Ultrasound 6: 409411.
  • Mouta Carreira C,Nasser SM,di Tomaso E,Padera TP,Boucher Y,Tomarev SI,Jain RK. 2001. LYVE-1 is not restricted to the lymph vessels: expression in normal liver blood sinusoids and down-regulation in human liver cancer and cirrhosis. Cancer Res 61: 80798084.
  • Naito M,Hasegawa G,Takahashi K. 1997. Development, differentiation, and maturation of Kupffer cells. Microsc Res Tech 39: 350364.
  • Nonaka H,Tanaka M,Suzuki K,Miyajima A. 2007. Development of murine hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells characterized by the expression of hyaluronan receptors. Dev Dyn 236: 22582267.
  • Oda M,Han JY,Yokomori H. 2000. Local regulators of hepatic sinusoidal microcirculation: recent advances. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 23: 8594.
  • Oda M,Yokomori H,Han JY. 2003. Regulatory mechanisms of hepatic microcirculation. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 29: 167182.
  • Oikawa H,Masuda T,Yashima A,Satodate R. 1999. Blood-flow route from the hepatic artery and portal vein to the sinusoid in normal human liver observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Anal Quant Cytol Histol 21: 255261.
  • Pannarale L,Onori P,Borghese F,Conte D,Gaudio E. 2007. Three-dimensional organization of the hepatic artery terminal branches: a scanning electron microscopic study of vascular corrosion casts of rat liver. Ital J Anat Embryol 112: 112.
  • Paris L,Cabaret AS,Grall JY. 2004. Three-dimensional imaging of the portal sinus anatomy. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 23: 207208.
  • Pennati G,Corno C,Costantino ML,Bellotti M. 2003. Umbilical flow distribution to the liver and the ductus venosus in human fetuses during gestation: an anatomy-based mathematical modeling. Med Eng Phys 25: 229238.
  • Perez-Pomares JM,Carmona R,Gonzalez-Iriarte M,Macias D,Guadix JA,Munoz-Chapuli R. 2004. Contribution of mesothelium-derived cells to liver sinusoids in avian embryos. Dev Dyn 229: 465474.
  • Rossi JM,Dunn NR,Hogan BL,Zaret KS. 2001. Distinct mesodermal signals, including BMPs from the septum transversum mesenchyme, are required in combination for hepatogenesis from the endoderm. Genes Dev 15: 19982009.
  • Takasaki S,Hano H. 2001. Three-dimensional observations of the human hepatic artery (Arterial system in the liver). J Hepatol 34: 455466.
  • Tchirikov M,Schroder HJ,Hecher K. 2006. Ductus venosus shunting in the fetal venous circulation: regulatory mechanisms, diagnostic methods and medical importance. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 27: 452461.
  • Terada T,Nakanuma Y. 1993. Development of human peribiliary capillary plexus: a lectin-histochemical and immunohistochemical study. Hepatology 18: 529536.
  • Terada T,Ishida F,Nakanuma Y. 1989. Vascular plexus around intrahepatic bile ducts in normal livers and portal hypertension. J Hepatol 8: 139149.
  • Wisse E,Braet F,Luo D,De Zanger R,Jans D,Crabbe E,Vermoesen A. 1996. Structure and function of sinusoidal lining cells in the liver. Toxicol Pathol 24: 100111.
  • Yamane A,Seetharam L,Yamaguchi S,Gotoh N,Takahashi T,Neufeld G,Shibuya M. 1994. A new communication system between hepatocytes and sinusoidal endothelial cells in liver through vascular endothelial growth factor and Flt tyrosine kinase receptor family (Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1). Oncogene 9: 26832690.
  • Yokomori H,Oda M,Yoshimura K,Nagai T,Ogi M,Nomura M,Ishii H. 2003. Vascular endothelial growth factor increases fenestral permeability in hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells. Liver Int 23: 467475.
  • Yoshida M,Nishikawa Y,Omori Y,Yoshioka T,Tokairin T,McCourt P,Enomoto K. 2007. Involvement of signaling of VEGF and TGF-beta in differentiation of sinusoidal endothelial cells during culture of fetal rat liver cells. Cell Tissue Res 329: 273282.
  • Zwiebel WJ,Mountford RA,Halliwell MJ,Wells PN. 1995. Splanchnic blood flow in patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension: investigation with duplex Doppler US. Radiology 194: 807812.