A Morphological Analysis on the Osteocytic Lacunar Canalicular System in Bone Surrounding Dental Implants
Version of Record online: 28 APR 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
The Anatomical Record
Volume 294, Issue 6, pages 1074–1082, June 2011
How to Cite
Haga, M., Nozawa-Inoue, K., Li, M., Oda, K., Yoshie, S., Amizuka, N. and Maeda, T. (2011), A Morphological Analysis on the Osteocytic Lacunar Canalicular System in Bone Surrounding Dental Implants. Anat Rec, 294: 1074–1082. doi: 10.1002/ar.21391
- Issue online: 20 MAY 2011
- Version of Record online: 28 APR 2011
- MEXT (Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan). Grant Number: 21791935
- osteocytic lacunar canalicular system;
- bone remodeling;
- bone maturation;
- titanium implantation;
- tissue reaction
Osseointegration is the most preferable interface of dental implants and newly formed bone. However, the cavity preparation for dental implants often gives rise to empty lacunae or pyknotic osteocytes in bone surrounding the dental implant. This study aimed to examine the chronological alternation of osteocytes in the bone surrounding the titanium implants using a rat model. The distribution of the osteocytic lacunar canalicular system (OLCS) in bone around the titanium implants was examined by silver impregnation according to Bodian's staining. We also performed double staining for alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), as well as immunohistochemistry for fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23—a regulator for the serum concentration of phosphorus—and sclerostin, which has been shown to inhibit osteoblastic activities. Newly formed bone and the injured bone at the early stage exhibited an irregularly distributed OLCS and a few osteocytes positive for sclerostin or FGF23, therefore indicating immature bone. Osteocytes in the surrounding bone from Day 20 to Month 2 came to reveal an intense immunoreactivity for sclerostin. Later on, the physiological bone remodeling gradually replaced such immature bone into a compact profile bearing a regularly arranged OLCS. As the bone was remodeled, FGF23 immunoreactivity became more intense, but sclerostin became less so in the well-arranged OLCS. In summary, it seems likely that OLCS in the bone surrounding the dental implants is damaged by cavity formation, but later gradually recovers as bone remodeling takes place, ultimately inducing mature bone. Anat Rec,, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.