Functional Morphology of the Tongue in the Domestic Goose (Anser Anser f. Domestica)

Authors

  • Hanna Jackowiak,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71 C, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
    • Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71 C, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
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  • Kinga Skieresz-Szewczyk,

    1. Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71 C, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
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  • Szymon Godynicki,

    1. Department of Histology and Embryology, Poznań University of Life Sciences, Wojska Polskiego 71 C, 60-625 Poznań, Poland
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  • Shin-ichi Iwasaki,

    1. Advanced Research Center, Department of Histology, The Nippon Dental University School of Dentistry at Niigata, 1-8 Hamaura–cho, Niigata 951, Japan
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  • Wilfried Meyer

    1. Institute of Anatomy, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation, Bischofsholer Damm 15, 30173 Hannover, Germany
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Abstract

Using LM and SEM methods, the study describes microstructures in particular areas of the tongue of the goose. A thick multilayered keratinized epithelium forms the “lingual nail” and covers small and giant conical papillae, whereby the first functions as an exoskeleton of the tongue apex, and the latter are arranged along the lingual and well-developed connective tissue cores, and together with the bill lamellae are involved in cutting. The row of conical papillae on the lingual prominence prevents regurgitation of transported food. In the area of the “lingual nail” and in the anterior part of the lingual prominence, Herbst corpuscles are accumulated, which allow to recognize food position. Filiform papillae, as widely distributed between the conical papillae of the body, are responsible for filtering. They can be explained as long keratinized processes of the epithelium and are devoid of connective tissue cores. During food transport, the flattened areas of the lingual body and the lingual prominence are protected by a parakeratinized epithelium, but the root is covered by a nonkeratinized epithelium. The presence of adipose tissue in the tongue probably reduces pressure during food passage, but also promotes mucus evacuation from the lingual glands, thus facilitating food transport. An entoglossal bone with a continuation as cartilage is the stable structural basis of the tongue system. Anat Rec, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Ancillary