Histomorphological and Angiogenic Analyzes of Skin Epithelium After Low Laser Irradiation in Hairless Mice

Authors

  • Juliane Caroline Leão,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • João Paulo Mardegan Issa,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • Dimitrius Leonardo Pitol,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • Ellen Camargo Rizzi,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • Fernando José Dias,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • Selma Siéssere,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • Simone Cecílio Hallak Regalo,

    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
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  • Mamie Mizusaki Iyomasa

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Morphology, Stomatology and Physiology, School of Dentistry at Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil
    • Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto, USP, Departamento de Morfologia, Estomatologia e Fisiologia, Avenida do Café, s/n, Bairro, Monte Alegre, 14040-904, Ribeirão Preto, SP
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    • Fax: 55 16 36024794


Abstract

It is not well-understood how low-laser therapy affects the skin of the applied area. This study analyzes skin of the masseteric region of mice from the HRS/J strain after three different application regimens (three, six or ten applications per regimen) of low intensity laser at 20 J/cm2 and 40 mW for 20 sec on alternate days. Three experimental groups according to the number of laser applications (three, six or ten) and three control groups (N = 5 animals for each group) were used. On the third day after the last irradiation, all animals were sacrificed and the skin was removed and processed to analyze the relative occupation of the test area by each epithelial layer and the aspects of neovascularization. Data were submitted to statistical analyzes. The irradiated groups compared to their respective controls at each period of time, showed no significant difference in relative occupation of the test area by the layers and epithelium areas for three and six applications, but for ten applications, a significant decrease (P < 0.05) in the basal and granulosum layers, and epithelium areas were found. From the comparisons of the three irradiated groups together, the group with six laser applications showed statistical difference (P < 0.05) in total epithelium and on the layers. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and VEGFR-2 immunoreactivities were similar for the control and irradiated groups. Results suggested a biostimulatory effect with low risks associated with superficial tissues, when the treatment aims the deeper layers after six applications. Anat Rec, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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