SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Balmer JE, Blomhoff R. 2002. Gene expression regulation by retinoic acid. J Lipid Res 43: 17731808.
  • Biesalski HK. 1989. Comparative assessment of the toxicology of vitamin A and retinoids in man. Toxicology 57: 117161.
  • Blaner WS, O'Byrne SM, Wongsiriroj N, Kluwe J, D'Ambrosio DM, Jiang H, Schwabe RF, Hillman EMC, Piantedosi R, Libien J. 2009. Hepatic stellate cell lipid droplets: a specialized lipid droplet for retinoid storage. Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Biol Lipids 1791: 467473.
  • Blomhoff R. 1994. Vitamin A in Health and Disease. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.
  • Blomhoff R, Blomhoff HK. 2006. Overview of retinoid metabolism and function. J Neurobiol 66: 606630.
  • Blomhoff R, Green MH, Berg T, Norum KR. 1990. Transport and storage of vitamin A. Science 250: 399404.
  • Blomhoff R, Green MH, Green JB, Berg T, Norum KR. 1991. Vitamin A metabolism: new perspectives on absorption, transport, and storage. Physiol Rev 71: 951990.
  • Blomhoff R, Green MH, Norum KR. 1992. Vitamin A: physiological and biochemical processing. Annu Rev Nutr 12: 3757.
  • Blomhoff R, Rasmussen M, Nilsson A, Norum KR, Berg T, Blaner WS, Kato M, Mertz KJR, Goodman DS, Eriksson U, Peterson PA. 1985. Hepatic retinol metabolism. Distributions of retinoids, enzymes, and binding proteins in isolated rat liver cells. J Biol Chem 260: 1356013565.
  • Blomhoff R, Wake K. 1991. Perisinusoidal stellate cells of the liver: important roles in retinol metabolism and fibrosis. FASEB J 5: 271277.
  • Chambon P. 1996. A decade of molecular biology of retinoic acid receptors. FASEB J 10: 940954.
  • Chawla A, Repa JJ, Evans RM, Mangelsdorf DJ. 2001 Nuclear receptors and lipid physiology: opening the X-files. Science 294: 18661870.
  • Conway M. 1906. No Mans's Land. A history of Spitsbergen from its discovery in 1596 to the beginning of the scientific exploration of the country. Oslo/Gjøvik: Damms Antikvariat Faksmileutgaven, 1995.
  • DiBenedetto RJ. 1967. Chronic hypervitaminosis A in adult. JAMA 201: 700702.
  • Doutt K. 1940. Toxicity of polar bear livers. J Mammal 21: 356357.
  • Elton C. 1927. Animal ecology. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Elton SC. 1958. The ecology of invasions by animals and plants. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Friedman SL. 2008. Hepatic stellate cells: protean, multifunctional, and enigmatic cells of the liver. Physiol Rev 88: 125172.
  • Higashi N, Senoo H. 2003. Distribution of vitamin A-storing lipid droplets in hepatic stellate cells in liver lobules-A comparative study. Anat Rec Part A 271: 240248.
  • Howell LC, Livesey CT. 1998. A survey of vitamin A concentrations in the liver of food-producing animals. Food Addit Contam 15: 1018.
  • Hruban Z, Russell RM, Boyer JL, Glagov S, Bagheri SA. 1974. Ultrastructural changes in livers of two patients with hypervitaminosis A. Am J Pathol 76: 451468.
  • Imai K, Sato M, Kojima N, Miura M, Sato T, Sugiyama T, Enomoto K, Senoo H. 2000. Storage of lipid droplets in and production of extracellular matrix by hepatic stellate cells (vitamin A-storing cells) in Long-Evans cinnamon-like colored (LEC) rats. Anat Rec 258: 338348.
  • Imai K, Senoo H. 1998. Morphology of sites of adhesion between hepatic stellate cells (vitamin A-storing cells) and a three-dimensional extracellular matrix. Anat Rec 250: 430437.
  • Irie T, Kajiwara S, Kojima N, Senoo H, Seki T. 2004. Retinal is the essential form of retinoid for storage and transport in the adult of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi. Comp Biochem Physiol B 139: 597606.
  • Ishii T, Ishii T. 1965. Zur Darstellung der argyrophilen Fasern. (Eine Modifikation der Silber-imregnationmethode von Bieschowsky-Maresch). Mikroskopie 20: 111.
  • Jacques EA, Buschmann RJ, Layden TJ. 1979. The histopathologic progression of vitamin A-induced hepatic injury. Gastroenterology 76: 599602.
  • Kupffer CV. 1876. Über Sternzellen der Leber. Briefliche Mitteilung an Prof. Waldeyer. Arch Mikr Anat 12: 353358.
  • Leighton FA, Cattet M, Norstrom R, Trudeau S. 1988. A cellular basis for high levels of vitamin A in livers of polar bears (Ursus maritimus): the Ito cell. Can J Zool 66: 480482.
  • Loud AV. 1968. A quantitative stereological description of the ultrastructure of normal rat liver parenchymal cells. J Cell Biol 37: 2746.
  • Mezaki Y, Yamaguchi N, Yoshikawa K, Miura M, Imai K, Itoh H, Senoo H. 2009. Insoluble speckled cytosolic distribution of retinoic acid receptor alpha protein as a marker of hepatic stellate cell activation in vitro. J Histochem Cytochem 57: 687699.
  • Mezaki Y, Yoshikawa K, Yamaguchi N, Miura M, Imai K, Kato S, Senoo H. 2007. Rat hepatic stellate cells acquire retinoid responsiveness after activation in vitro by post-transcriptional regulation of retinoic acid receptor alpha gene expression. Arch Biochem Biophys 465: 370379.
  • Muenter MD, Perry HO, Ludwig J. 1971. Chronic vitamin A intoxication in adults: hepatic, neurological and dermatological complications. Am J Med 50: 129136.
  • Myhre AM, Carlsen MH, Bøhn SK, Wold HL, Laake P, Blomhoff R. 2003. Water-miscible, emulsified, and solid forms of retinol supplements are more toxic than oil-based preparations. Am J Clin Nutr 78: 11521159.
  • Nagy NE, Holven KB, Roos N, Senoo H, Kojima N, Norum KR, Blomhoff R. 1997. Storage of vitamin A in extrahepatic stellate cells in normal rats. J Lip Res 38: 645658.
  • Popper H, Greenberg R. 1941. Visualization of vitamin A in rat organs by fluorescence microscopy. Arch Pathol 32: 1132.
  • Raica N Jr, Scott J, Lowry L, Sauberlich HE. 1972. Vitamin A concentration in human tissues collected from five areas in the United States. Am J Clin Nutr 25: 291296.
  • Ralli EP, Papper E, Paley K, Bauman E. 1941. Vitamin A and carotene content of human liver in normal and in diseased subjects. Arch Int Med 68: 102111.
  • Rodahl K. 1949. Toxicity of polar bear liver. Nature 164: 530531.
  • Rodahl K. 1950. Hypervitaminosis A in the rat. J Nutr 41: 399421.
  • Rodahl K, Davies AW. 1943. Vitamin A in seals. Biochem J 45: 408412.
  • Rodahl K, Moore T. 1943. The vitamin A content and toxicity of bears and seal liver. Biochem J 37: 166168.
  • Rosales FJ, Jang J-T, Pinero DJ, Erikson KM, Beard JL, Ross AC. 1999. Iron deficiency in young rats alters the distribution of vitamin A between plasma and liver and between hepatic retinol and retinyl esters. J Nutr 129: 12231228.
  • Rubin E, Florman AL, Degnan T, Diaz J. 1970. Hepatic injury in chronic hypervitaminosis A. Am J Dis Child 119: 132138.
  • Russell RM, Boyer JL, Bagheri SA, Hruban Z. 1974. Hepatic injury from chronic hypervitaminosis A resulting in portal hypertension and ascites. N Engl J Med 291: 435440.
  • Sato M, Miura M, Kojima N, Higashi N, Imai K, Sato T, Wold HL, Moskaug JØ, Blomhoff R, Wake K, Roos N, Berg T, Norum KR, Senoo H. 2001. Nuclear deviation in hepatic parenchymal cells on sinusoidal surface in arctic animals. Cell Struct Funct 26: 7177.
  • Schmitz HH, Poor CL, Wellman RB, Erdman JW, Jr. 1991. Concentrations of selected carotenoids and vitamin A in human liver, kidney and lung tissue. J Nutr 121: 16131621.
  • Senoo H, Wake K. 1985. Suppression of experimental hepatic fibrosis by administration of vitamin A. Lab Invest 52: 182194.
  • Senoo H, Wake K. 1988. Histochemical method for detection of vitamin A. Vitamins 59: 465469.
  • Senoo H, Yoshikawa K, Morii M, Fujiwara M, Mezaki Y. 2011. Regulation of vitamin A homeostasis by the stellate cell (vitamin A-storing cell) system. New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc.
  • Senoo H, Yoshikawa K, Morii M, Miura M, Imai K, Mezaki Y. 2010. Hepatic stellate cell (vitamin A-storing cell) and its relative--past, present, and future. Cell Biol Int (editor's special 70th birthday edition) 34: 12471272.
  • Stimson, W H. 1961. Vitamin A intoxication in adults: report of a case with a summary of the literature. New Engl J Med 265: 369373.
  • Summerhayes VS, Elton CS. 1923. Contributions to the ecology of Spitsbergen and Bear Island. J Ecol 11: 214286.
  • Tsuiki E, Fujita A, Ohsaki Y, Cheng J, Irie T, Yoshikawa K, Senoo H, Mishima K, Kitaoka T, Fujimoto T. 2007. All-trans-retinol generated by rhodopsin photobleaching induces rapid recruitment of TIP47 to lipid droplets in the retinal pigment epithelium. Invest Opthalmol 48: 28582867.
  • Underwood BA, Siegel H, Weisell RC, Dolinski M. 1970. Liver stores of vitamin A in a normal population dying suddenly or rapidly from unnatural causes in New York City. Am J Clin Nutr 23: 10371042.
  • Wake K. 1971. Sternzellen in the liver, perisinusoidal cells with special reference to storage of vitamin A. Am J Anat 132: 429462.
  • Wake K. 1980. Perisinusoidal stellate cells (fat-storing cells, interstitial cells, lipocytes), their related structure in and around the liver sinusoids, and vitamin A-storing cells in extrahepatic organs. Int Rev Cytol 66: 303353.
  • Wake K. 1988. Liver perivascular cells revealed by gold- and silver-impregnation method and electron microscopy. In: Motta PM, editor. Biopathology of the liver. An ultrastructural approach. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p 2326.
  • Wake K, Motomatsu K, Senoo H, Masuda A, Adachi E. 1986. Improved Kupffer's gold chloride method for demonstrating the stellate cells storing retinol (vitamin A) in the liver and extrahepatic organs of vertebrates. Stain Technol 61: 193200.
  • Weibel ER, Kistler GS, Scherle WF. 1966. Practical stereological methods for morphometric cytology. J Cell Biol 30: 2338.
  • Wold HL, Wake K, Higashi N, Wang D-R, Kojima N, Imai K, Blomhoff R, Senoo H. 2004. Vitamin A distribution and content in tissues of the lamprey, Lampetra japonica. Anat Rec 276A: 134142.
  • Yamada E, Hirosawa K. 1976. The possible existence of a vitamin A-storing cell system. Cell Struct Funct 1: 201204.