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Keywords:

  • ferroportin 1;
  • iron;
  • O-2A progenitor cells

Abstract

Iron plays a crucial role in the survival, differentiation, and myelin formation of oligodendrocyte lineages. However, the regulation mechanism of iron homeostasis in oligodendrocytes remains unclear. Recently, much research has focused on Ferroportin 1 (FPN1), an iron exporter protein. First, about 95% pure primary rat O-2A progenitor cells were obtained by shaking methods in our laboratory. The expression of FPN1 mRNA and protein in O-2A progenitor cells were determined by reverse transcription-PCR and western blot. In addition, the localization of FPN1 at the cell membrane, in the cytoplasm and in processes was assayed by double-labeling immunofluorescence. A time-dependent increase of iron efflux from O-2A progenitor cells was confirmed by the calcein-indicated iron efflux assay. However, the same cells treated with FPN1 antibody showed no obvious change in iron release. For further confirmation, overexpression of FPN1 in O-2A progenitor cells was transduced with lentivirus. The release of iron in O-2A progenitor cells was dramatically increased by the overexpressed FPN1 when compared with that of the control group. Both ferritin (Ft) and transferrin receptor (TfR) are routinely used as indicators of labile iron pool. Cells pretreated with FPN1 antibody upregulated Ft and downregulated TfR protein level, while the opposite results occurred in the FPN1 overexpressing cells. Determination of Ft and TfR indirectly indicated that FPN1 might contribute to iron release from O-2A progenitor cells. We suggested that expression of FPN1 in O-2A progenitor cells might play a critical role in iron efflux from these cells. Anat Rec, 2013. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.