SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Altenbach JS, Hermanson JW. 1987. Bat flight muscle function and the scapula-humeral lock. In: Fenton MB, Racey P, Rayner JMV, editors. Recent advances in the study of bats. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p 100118.
  • Fischer MS, Blickhan R. 2006. The tri-segmented limbs of therian mammals: kinematics, dynamics, and self-stabilization. A review. J Exp Zool 305A:935952.
  • Fischer MS. 1999. Kinematics, EMG, and inverse dynamics of the therian forelimb—a synthetical approach. Zool Anz 238:4154.
  • Hermanson JW, Altenbach JS. 1983. The functional anatomy of the shoulder of the pallid bat, Antrozous pallidus. J Mammal 64:6275.
  • Hermanson JW, Altenbach JS. 1985. Functional anatomy of the shoulder and arm of the fruit–eating bat Artibeus jamaicensis. J Zool 205:157177.
  • Hermanson JW. 1981. Functional morphology of the clavicle in the pallid bat, Antrozous pallidus. J Mammal 62:802805.
  • Kovtun MF, Moroz VF. 1973. Study of the bioelectric activity of the shoulder girdle muscles in Eptisicus serotinus Schreb. (Chiroptera). Dokl AN SSSR 210:14811484 (in Russian).
  • Kovtun MF, Moroz VF. 1974. Electromyographic study of activity of flight muscles in Myotis myotis (Chiroptera). Dopov AN URSR Ser. B 7:651653 (in Ukrainian).
  • Kovtun MF. 1976. Comparative morphology of the muscles of the shoulder girdle in horseshoe-bats (Chiroptera, Rhinolophidae). Vestn Zool 5:1924 (in Russian).
  • Kovtun MF. 1977. Comparative morphology of the muscles of the forelimb in horseshoe-bats (Chiroptera, Rhinolophidae). Vestn zool 3:2432 (in Russian).
  • Kovtun MF. 1978. Locomotor apparatus of bats. Kiev: Naukova dumka (in Russian).
  • Kruskop SV. 1999. Ecomorphological diversity of plain-nosed bats (Vespertilionidae, Chiroptera). Folia Theriol Est 4:133.
  • Kuznetsov AN. 1985. Comparative functional analysis of the fore and hind limbs in mammals. Zool J 64:18621867 (in Russian).
  • Kuznetsov AN. 1995. Energetical profit of the third segement in parasagittal legs. J Theor Biol 172:95105.
  • Kuznetsov AN. 1999. Structural types of limbs and evolution of running technique in tetrapods. Zoologicheskie Issledovania 3:194 (in Russian).
  • Norberg UM, Rayner JM. 1987. Ecological morphology and flight in bats (Mammalia; Chiroptera): wing adaptation, flight performance, foraging strategy and echolocation. Phil Trans R Soc Lond 316:335427.
  • Norberg UM. 1970. Functional osteology and myology of the wing of Plecotus auritus Linnaeus (Chiroptera). Arkiv Zool 22:483543.
  • Norberg UM. 1972. Functional osteology and myology of the wing of the dog–faced bat Rousettus aegyptiacus (E. Geoffroy) (Mammalia, Chiroptera). Z Morph Tiere 73:144.
  • Panyutina AA, Korzun LP, Kuznetsov AN. 2011. Kinematics of the Shoulder Girdle in Bats. Dokl Biol Sci 439:240243.
  • Panyutina AA, Korzun LP, Kuznetsov AN. 2012. Flight of mammals: from terrestrial limbs to wings. Moscow: KMK (in Russian).
  • Patriquin KJ, Barclay RMR. 2003. Foraging by bats in cleared, thinned and unharvested boreal forest. J Appl Ecol 40:646657.
  • Schlosser-Sturm E, Schliemann H. 1995. Morphology and function of the shoulder joint of bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera). J Zool Syst Evol Res 33:8898.
  • Ševčik M. 2003. Does wing morphology reflect different foraging strategies in sibling bat species Plecotus auritus and P. austriacus? Folia Zool 52:121126.
  • Strickler TL. 1978. Functional osteology and myology of the shoulder in the Chiroptera. Contrib Vert Evol 4:1198.
  • Swartz SM, Bishop K, Aguirre MFI. 2006. Dynamic complexity of wing form in bats: implications for flight performance. In: Zubaid A, McCracken GF, Kunz TH, editors. Functional and evolutionary ecology of bats. New York: Oxford University Press. p 110130.
  • Tian X, Diaz JI, Middleton K, Galvao R, Israeli E, Roemer A, Sullivan A, Song A, Swartz S, Breuer K. 2006. Direct measurements of the kinematics and dynamics of bat flight. Bioinspir Biomim 1:1018.
  • Vaughan TA. 1959. Functional morphology of three bats: Eumops, Myotis, Macrotus. Univ Kansas Publ Mus Nat Hist 12:1153.
  • Vaughan TA. 1970. The muscular system. In: Wimsatt WA, editor. Biology of bats. Vol. I. New York: Academic Press. p 139194.