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LITERATURE CITED

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  • Pang SF, Caggiula AR, Gay VL, Goodman RL, Pang CS. 1979. Serum concentrations of testosterone, oestrogens, luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone in male and female rats during the critical period of neural sexual differentiation. J Endocrinol 80:103110.
  • Pang SF, Tang F. 1984. Sex differences in the serum concentrations of testosterone in mice and hamsters during their critical periods of neural sexual differentiation. J Endocrinol 100:711.
  • Rodriguez E, Weiss DA, Ferretti M, Wang H, Menshenia J, Risbridger G, Handelsman D, Cunha GR, Baskin L. 2012. Specific morphogenetic events in mouse external genitalia sex differentiation are responsive/dependent upon androgens and/or estrogens. Differentiation 84:269279.
  • Rodriguez E, Jr, Weiss DA, Yang JH, Menshenina J, Ferretti M, Cunha TJ, Barcellos D, Chan LY, Risbridger G, Cunha GR, Baskin LS. 2011. New insights on the morphology of adult mouse penis. Biol Reprod 85:121611221.
  • Rosenfeld CS, Cooke PS, Welsh TH, Jr, Simmer G, Hufford MG, Gustafsson JA, Hess RA, Lubahn DB. 2000. The differential fate of mesonephric tubular-derived efferent ductules in estrogen receptor-alpha knockout versus wild-type female mice. Endocrinology 141:37923798.
  • Schlomer BJ, Feretti M, Rodriguez E, Blaschko S, Cunha GR, Baskin L. Sexual differentiation in the male and female mouse from day 0 to 21: a detailed and novel morphometric description. J Urol (in press).
  • Simpson ER. 2004. Models of aromatase insufficiency. Semin Reprod Med 22:2530.
  • Wang Y, Li Q, Xu J, Liu Q, Wang W, Lin Y, Ma F, Chen T, Li S, Shen Y. 2004. Mutation analysis of five candidate genes in Chinese patients with hypospadias. Eur J Hum Genet 12:706712.
  • Wilson JD, Griffin JE, George FW, Leshin M. 1983. The endocrine control of male phenotypic development. Aust J Biol Sci 36:101128.
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  • Yang JH, Menshenina J, Cunha GR, Place N, Baskin LS. 2010. Morphology of mouse external genitalia: implications for a role of estrogen in sexual dimorphism of the mouse genital tubercle. J Urol 184:16041609.
  • Yonezawa T, Higashi M, Yoshioka K, Mutoh K. 2011. Distribution of aromatase and sex steroid receptors in the baculum during the rat life cycle: effects of estrogen during the early development of the baculum. Biol Reprod 85:105112.