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LITERATURE CITED

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  • de Jong F, Geerts WJ, Lamers WH, Los JA, Moorman AF. 1987. Isomyosin expression patterns in tubular stages of chicken heart development: a 3-D immunohistochemical analysis. Anat Embryol (Berl) 177: 8190.
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  • Gourdie RG, Green CR, Severs NJ, Anderson RH, Thompson RP. 1993. Evidence for a distinct gap-junctional phenotype in ventricular conduction tissues of the developing and mature avian heart. Circ Res 72: 278289.
  • Gourdie RG, Kubalak S, Mikawa T. 1999. Conducting the embryonic heart: orchestrating development of specialized cardiac tissues. Trends Cardiovasc Med 9: 1826.
  • Gourdie RG, Harris BS, Bond J, Justus C, Hewett KW, O'Brien TX, Thompson RP, Sedmera D. 2003. Development of the cardiac pacemaking and conduction system. Birth Defects Res 69C: 4657.
  • Grohmann D. 1961. Mitotische Wachstumsintensitat des embryonalen und fetalen Hunchenherzens und ihre Bedeutung fur die entstehung von Herzmissbildungen. Z f Zellforschung 55: 104122.
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  • Kelly RG, Brown NA, Buckingham ME. 2001. The arterial pole of the mouse heart forms from Fgf10-expressing cells in pharyngeal mesoderm. Dev Cell 1: 435440.
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  • Kubalak SW, Hutson DR, Scott KK, Shannon RA. 2002. Elevated transforming growth factor beta2 enhances apoptosis and contributes to abnormal outflow tract and aortic sac development in retinoic X receptor alpha knockout embryos. Development 129: 733746.
  • Litchenberg WH, Norman LW, Holwell AK, Martin KL, Hewett KW, Gourdie RG. 2000. The rate and anisotropy of impulse propagation in the postnatal terminal crest are correlated with remodeling of Cx43 gap junction pattern. Cardiovasc Res 45: 379387.
  • Mikawa T, Borisov A, Brown AM, Fischman DA. 1992. Clonal analysis of cardiac morphogenesis in the chicken embryo using a replication-defective retrovirus: I. Formation of the ventricular myocardium. Dev Dyn 193: 1123.
  • Moorman AF, de Jong F, Denyn MM, Lamers WH. 1998. Development of the cardiac conduction system. Circ Res 82: 629644.
  • Nygren A, Clark RB, Belke DD, Kondo C, Giles WR, Witkowski FX. 2000. Voltage-sensitive dye mapping of activation and conduction in adult mouse hearts. Ann Biomed Eng 28: 958967.
  • Rentschler S, Vaidya DM, Tamaddon H, Degenhardt K, Sassoon D, Morley GE, Jalife J, Fishman GI. 2001. Visualization and functional characterization of the developing murine cardiac conduction system. Development 128: 17851792.
  • Rentschler S, Zander J, Meyers K, France D, Levine R, Porter G, Rivkees SA, Morley GE, Fishman GI. 2002. Neuregulin-1 promotes formation of the murine cardiac conduction system. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 1046410469.
  • Sanders E, de Groot IJ, Geerts WJ, de Jong F, van Horssen AA, Los JA, Moorman AF. 1986. The local expression of adult chicken heart myosins during development. II. Ventricular conducting tissue. Anat Embryol 174: 187193.
  • Sedmera D, Hu N, Weiss KM, Keller BB, Denslow S, Thompson RP. 2002. Cellular changes in experimental left heart hypoplasia. Anat Rec 267: 137145.
  • Thomas PS, Kasahara H, Edmonson AM, Izumo S, Yacoub MH, Barton PJ, Gourdie RG. 2001. Elevated expression of Nkx-2.5 in developing myocardial conduction cells. Anat Rec 263: 307313.
  • Thompson RP, Fitzharris TP. 1979. Morphogenesis of the truncus arteriosus of the chick embryo heart: tissue reorganization during septation. Am J Anat 156: 251264.
  • Thompson RP, Sumida H, Abercrombie V, Satow Y, Fitzharris TP, Okamoto N. 1985. Morphogenesis of human cardiac outflow. Anat Rec 213: 578586, 538–579.
  • Thompson RP, Lindroth JR, Allen AJ, Fazel AR. 1990a. Cell differentiation birthdates in the embryonic rat heart. Ann N Y Acad Sci 588: 446448.
  • Thompson RP, Lindroth JR, Wong YM. 1990b. Regional differences in DNA-synthetic activity in the preseptation myocardium of the chick. In: ClarkEB, TakaoA, editors. Developmental cardiology: morphogenesis and function. Mount Kisco, NY: Futura Publishing. p 219234.
  • Thompson RP, Kanai T, Germroth PG, Gourdie RG, Thomas PC, Barton PJR, Mikawa T, Anderson RH. 1995. Organization and function of early specialized myocardium. In: ClarkEB, MarkwaldRR, TakaoA, editors. Developmental mechanisms of heart disease. Armonk, NY: Futura Publishing. p 269279.
  • Thompson RP, Reckova M, DeAlmeida A, Bigelow M, Stanley CP, Spruill JB, Trusk T, Sedmera D. 2003. The oldest, toughest cells in the heart. In: Development of the cardiac conduction system. Chichester: Wiley. p 157176.
  • Vaidya D, Tamaddon HS, Lo CW, Taffet SM, Delmar M, Morley GE, Jalife J. 2001. Null mutation of connexin43 causes slow propagation of ventricular activation in the late stages of mouse embryonic development. Circ Res 88: 11961202.