SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

LITERATURE CITED

  • Ailhaud G, Grimaldi P, Negrel R. 1992. Cellular and molecular aspects of adipose tissue development. Annu Rev Nutr 12: 207233.
  • Alison MR, Poulsom R, Jeffery R, Dhillon AP, Quaglia A, Jacob J, Novelli M, Prentice G, Williamson J, Wright NA. 2000. Hepatocytes from non-hepatic adult stem cells. Nature 406: 257.
  • Alvarez-Buylla A, Buskirk DR, Nottebohm F. 1987. Monoclonal antibody reveals radial glia in adult avian brain. J Comp Neurol 264: 159170.
  • Asher RA, Scheibe RJ, Keiser HD, Bignami A. 1995. On the existence of a cartilage-like proteoglycan and link proteins in the central nervous system. Glia 13: 294308.
  • August JT, Hildreth JEK. 2002. In: Developmental studies hybridoma bank product catalog, year 2002. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa. p 11.
  • Bader D, Masaki T, Fischman DA. 1982. Immunochemical analysis of myosin heavy chain during avian myogenesis in vivo and in vitro. J Cell Biol 95: 763770.
  • Banerjee A, Roach MC, Trcka P, Luduena RF. 1990. Increased microtubule assembly in bovine brain tubulin lacking the type III isotype of beta-tubulin. J Biol Chem 265: 17941799.
  • Banerjee A, Roach MC, Wall KA, Lopata MA, Cleveland DW, Luduena RF. 1988. A monoclonal antibody against the type II isotype of beta-tubulin. Preparation of isotypically altered tubulin. J Biol Chem 263: 30293034.
  • Baudier J, Glasser N, Gerard D. 1986. Ions binding to S100 proteins. I. Calcium- and zinc-binding properties of bovine brain S100 alpha alpha, S100a (alpha beta), and S100b (beta beta) protein: Zn2+ regulates Ca2+ binding on S100b protein. J Biol Chem 261: 81928203.
  • Beauchamp JR, Heslop L, Yu DSW, Tajbakhsh S, Kelly RG, Wernig A, Buckingham ME, Partridge TA, Zammit PS. 2000. Expression of CD34 and Myf5 defines the majority of quiescent adult skeletal muscle satellite cells. J Cell Biol 151: 12211233.
  • Beresford JN. 1989. Osteogenic stem cells and the stromal system of bone and marrow. Clin Orthop 240: 270280.
  • Bjerknes M, Cheng H. 2002. Multipotential stem cells in adult mouse gastric epithelium. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 283: G767G777.
  • Bjornson CRR, Rietze RL, Reynolds BA, Magli MC, Vescovi AL. 1999. Turning brain into blood: a hematopoietic fate adopted by adult neural stem cells in vivo. Science 283: 534537.
  • Bonner-Weir S, Taneja M, Weir GC, Tatarkiewicz K, Song K-H, Sharma A, O'Neil JJ. 2000. In vitro cultivation of human islets from expanded ductal tissue. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 79998004.
  • Bosch P, Musgrave DS, Lee JY, Cummins J, Shuler T, Ghivizzani TC, Evans T, Robbins TD, Huard J. 2000. Osteoprogenitor cells within skeletal muscle. J Orthop Res 18: 933944.
  • Bowerman SG, Taylor SS, Putnam L, Young HE, Lucas PA. 1991. Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) stimulates chondrogenesis in cultured embryonic mesenchymal cells. Surg Forum XLII: 535536.
  • Brazelton TR, Rossi FM, Keshet GI, Blau HM. 2000. From marrow to brain: expression of neuronal phenotypes in adult mice. Science 290: 17751779.
  • Burgeson RE, Hollister DW. 1979. Collagen heterogeneity in human cartilage: identification of several new collagen chains. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 87: 11241131.
  • Butcher EC. 2002. In: Developmental studies hybridoma bank product catalog, year 2002. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa. p 12.
  • Campion DR. 1984. The muscle satellite cell: a review. Int Rev Cytol 87: 225251.
  • Caplan AI. 1991. Mesenchymal stem cells. J Orthop Res 9: 641650.
  • Caplan AI, Elyaderani M, Mochizuki Y, Wakitani S, Goldberg V. 1997. Principles of cartilage repair and regeneration. Clin Orthop Rel Res 342: 254269.
  • Carlson BM. 1999. In: Human embryology & developmental biology, 2nd edition. St. Louis: Mosby Inc.
  • Caterson B, Baker JR, Christner JE, Lee Y, Lentz M. 1985. Monoclonal antibodies as probes for determining the microheterogeneity of the link proteins of cartilage proteoglycan. J Biol Chem 260: 1134811356.
  • Caterson B. 2001. In: Developmental studies hybridoma bank product catalog, year 2001, NICHHD. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa. p 12.
  • Clarke DL, Johansson CB, Wilbertz J, Veress B, Nilsson E, Karlstrom H, Lendahl U, Frisen J. 2000. Generalized potential of adult neural stem cells. Science 288: 16601663.
  • Colter DC, Class R, DiGirolamo CM, Prockop DJ. 2000. Rapid expansion of recycling stem cells in cultures of plastic-adherent cells from human bone marrow. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 97: 32133218.
  • Colter DC, Sekiya I, Prockop DJ. 2001. Identification of a subpopulation of rapidly self-renewing and multipotential adult stem cells in colonies of human marrow stromal cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98: 78417845.
  • Cornelius JG, Tchernev V, Kao KJ, Peck AB. 1997. In vitro-generation of islets in long-term cultures of pluripotent stem cells from adult mouse pancreas. Horm Metab Res 29: 271277.
  • Cruess RL. 1982. The musculoskeletal system: embryology, biochemistry, and physiology. New York: Churchill Livingston. p 133, 109–169, 255–287.
  • Damjanov I, Fox N, Knowles BB, Solter D, Lange BH, Fraley EE. 1982. Immunohistochemical localization of murine stage specific embryonic antigens in human testicular germ cell tumors. Am J Pathol 108: 225230.
  • Deasy BM, Jankowski RJ, Huard J. 2001. Muscle-derived stem cells: characterization and potential for cell-mediated therapy. Blood Cells Mol Dis 27: 924933.
  • Deasy BM, Qu-Peterson Z, Greenberger JS, Huard J. 2002. Mechanisms of muscle stem cell expansion with cytokines. Stem Cells 20: 5060.
  • Debus E, Weber K, Osborn M. 1983a. Monoclonal antibodies specific for glial fibrillary acidic (GFA) protein and for each of the neurofilament triplet polypeptides. Differentiation 25: 193203.
  • Debus E, Weber K, Osborn M. 1983b. Monoclonal antibodies to desmin, the muscle-specific intermediate filament protein. EMBO J 2: 23052312.
  • Dell'Agnola C, Rabascio C, Mancuso P, Capillo M, Pruneri G, Gobbi A, Minucci S, Ronzoni S, Volorio S, Calabrese L, Tradati N, Martinelli G, Shultz L, Bertolini F. 2002. In vitro and in vivo hematopoietic potential of human stem cells residing in muscle tissue. Exp Hematol 30: 905914.
  • Deng W, Obrocka M, Fischer I, Prockop DJ. 2001. In vitro differentiation of human marrow stromal cells into early progenitors of neural cells by conditions that increase intracellular cyclic AMP. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 282: 148152.
  • Detn CL, Latchman DS. 1993. In: LatchmanDS, editor. Transcription factors: a practical approach. New York: Oxford University Press. p 126.
  • Dittel BN, McCarthy JB, Wayner EA, LeBien TW. 1993. Regulation of human B-cell precursor adhesion to bone marrow stromal cells by cytokines that exert opposing effects on the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1). Blood 81: 22722282.
  • Dixson K, Murphy RW, Southerland SS, Young HE, Dalton ML, Lucas PA. 1996. Recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins-2 and 4 (rhBMP-2 and rhBMP-4) induce several mesenchymal phenotypes in culture. Wound Rep Reg 4: 374380.
  • Doetsch F, Caille I, Lim DA, Garcia-Verdugo JM, Alvarez-Buylla A. 1999. Subventricular zone astrocytes are neural stem cells in the adult mammalian brain. Cell 97: 703716.
  • Donovan PJ, Gearhart J. 2001. The end of the beginning for pluripotent stem cells. Nature 414: 92927.
  • Drazba J, Pierce M, Lemmon V. 1991. Studies of the developing chick retina using monoclonal antibody 8A2 that recognizes a novel set of gangliosides. Dev Biol 145: 154163.
  • Eglitis MA, Mezey E. 1997. Hematopoietic cells differentiate into both microglia and macroglia in the brains of adult mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 94: 40804085.
  • Eisenberg CA, Markwald RR. 1997. Mixed cultures of avian blastoderm cells and the quail mesoderm cell line QCE-6 provide evidence for the pluripotentiality of early mesoderm. Dev Biol 191: 167181.
  • Eisenberg CA, Gourdie RG, Eisenberg LM. 1997. Wnt-11 is expressed in early avian mesoderm and required for the differentiation of the quail mesoderm cell line QCE-6. Development 124: 525536.
  • Estrera VT, Luo W, Phan D, Earley K, Hixson DC. 1999. The cytoplasmic domain of C-CAM1 tumor suppressor is necessary and sufficient for suppressing the tumorigenicity of prostate cancer cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 263: 797803.
  • Faris RA, McEntire KD, Thompson NL, Hixson DC. 1990. Identification and characterization of a rat hepatic oncofetal membrane glycoprotein. Cancer Res 50: 47554763.
  • Faris RA, Monfils BA, Dunsford HA, Hixson DC. 1991. Antigenic relationship between oval cells and a subpopulation of hepatic foci, nodules and carcinomas induced by the ‘Resistant Hepatocyte’ model system. Cancer Res 51: 13081317.
  • Feany MB, Lee S, Edwards RH, Buckley KM. 1992. The synaptic vesicle protein SV2 is a novel type of transmembrane transporter. Cell 70: 861867.
  • Ferrari G, Cusella-De Angelis G, Coletta M, Paolucci E, Stornaiuolo A, Cossu G, Mavilio F. 1998. Muscle regeneration by bone marrow-derived myogenic progenitors. Science 279: 15281530.
  • Forbes SJ, Vig P, Poulsom R, Wright NA, Alison MR. 2002. Adult stem cell plasticity: new pathways of tissue regeneration become visible. Clin Sci (Lond) 103: 355369.
  • Franke FE, Schachenmayr W, Osborn M, Altmannsberger M. 1991. Unexpected immunoreactivities of intermediate filament antibodies in human brain and brain tumors. Am J Pathol 139: 6779.
  • Frid MG, Shekhonin BV, Koteliansky VE, Glukhova MA. 1992. Phenotypic changes of human smooth muscle cells during development: late expression of heavy caldesmon and calponin. Dev Biol 153: 185193.
  • Friedman B, Hockfield S, Black JA, Woodruff KA, Waxman SG. 1989. In situ demonstration of mature oligodendrocytes and their processes: an immunocytochemical study with a new monoclonal antibody, rip. Glia 2: 380390.
  • Gage FH, Coates PW, Palmer TD, Kuhn HG, Fisher LJ, Suhonen JO, Peterson DA, Suhr ST, Ray J. 1995. Survival and differentiation of adult neuronal progenitor cells transplanted to the adult brain. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 92: 1187911883.
  • Galli R, Borello U, Gritti A, Minasi MG, Bjornson C, Coletta M, Mora M, De Angelis MGC, Fiocco R, Cossu G, Vescovi AL. 2000. Skeletal myogenic potential of human and mouse neural stem cells. Nat Neurosci 3: 986991.
  • Gordon GJ, Coleman WB, Hixson DC, Grisham JW. 2000. Liver regeneration in rats with retrorsine-induced hepatocellular injury proceeds through a novel cellular response. Am J Pathol 156: 607619.
  • Gorski JP, Griffin D, Dudley G, Stanford C, Thomas R, Huang C, Lai E, Karr B, Solursh M. 1990. Bone acidic glycoprotein-75 is a major synthetic product of osteoblastic cells and localized as 75- and/or 50-kDa forms in mineralized phases of bone and growth plate and in serum. J Biol Chem 265: 1495614963.
  • Grande DA, Southerland SS, Manji R, Pate DW, Schwartz RE, Lucas PA. 1995. Repair of articular cartilage defect using mesenchymal stem cells. Tissue Eng 1: 345353.
  • Gritti A, Parati EA, Cova L, Frolichsthal P, Galli R, Wanke E, Faravelli L, Morassutti DJ, Roisen F, Nickel DD, Vescovi AL. 1996. Multipotential stem cells from the adult mouse brain proliferate and self-renew in response to basic fibroblast growth factor. J Neurosci 16: 10911100.
  • Gritti A, Frolichsthal-Schoeller P, Galli R, Parati EA, Cova L, Pagano SF, Bjornson CR, Vescovia AL. 1999. Epidermal and fibroblast growth factors behave as mitogenic regulators for a single multipotent stem cell-like population from the subventricular region of the adult mouse forebrain. J Neurosci 19: 32873297.
  • Grounds MD, Garrett KL, Lai MC, Wright WE, Beilharz MW. 1992. Identification of muscle precursor cells in vivo by use of MyoD1 and myogenin probes. Cell Tissue Res 267: 99104.
  • Gui L, Chang A, Solovey M, Brown PV, Keller G, Hebbel RP. 1992. P1H12 as an embryonic endothelial-endothelial adhesion molecule and possibly hemangioblast marker. Blood 92(Suppl 1): 697.
  • Gussoni E, Soneoka Y, Strickland CD, Buzney EA, Khan MK, Flint AF, Kunkel LM, Mulligan RC. 1999. Dystrophin expression in the mdx mouse restored by stem cell transplantation. Nature 401: 390394.
  • Hayflick L. 1965. The limited in vitro lifetime of human diploid cell strains. Exp Cell Res 37: 614636.
  • Hixson DC, Ponce MDL, Allison JP, Walborg JrEF. 1984. Cell surface expression by adult rat hepatocytes of a non-collagen glycoprotein present in rat liver biomatrix. Exp Cell Res 152: 402414.
  • Hixson DC, Faris RA, Thompson NL. 1990. An antigenic portrait of the liver during carcinogenesis. Pathobiology 58: 6577.
  • Hixson DC, Brown J, McBride A, Affigne S. 2000. Differentiation status of rat ductal cells and ethionine-induced hepatic carcinomas defined with surface-reactive monoclonal antibodies. Exp Mol Pathol 68: 152169.
  • Hockfield S, McKay RD. 1985. Identification of major cell classes in the developing mammalian nervous system. J Neurosci 5: 33103328.
  • Holmdahl R, Rubin K, Klareskog L, Larsson E, Wigzell H. 1986. Characterization of the antibody response in mice with type II collagen-induced arthritis, using monoclonal anti-type II collagen antibodies. Arthritis Rheum 29: 400410.
  • Hubbard AL, Bartles JR, Braiterman LT. 1985. Identification of rat hepatocyte plasma membrane proteins using monoclonal antibodies. J Cell Biol 100: 11151125.
  • Jackson KA, Mi T, Goodell MA. 1999. Hematopoietic potential of stem cells isolated from murine skeletal muscle. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 1448214486.
  • Jackson KA, Majka SM, Wang H, Pocius J, Hartley CJ, Majesky MW, Entman ML, Michael LH, Hirschi KK, Goodell MA. 2001. Regeneration of ischemic cardiac muscle and vascular endothelium by adult stem cells. J Clin Invest 107: 13951402.
  • Janes SM, Lowell S, Hutter C. 2002. Epidermal stem cells. J Pathol 197: 479491.
  • Jankowski RJ, Haluszczak C, Trucco M, Huard J. 2001. Flow cytometric characterization of myogenic cell populations obtained via the preplate technique: potential for rapid isolation of muscle-derived stem cells. Hum Gene Ther 12: 619628.
  • Javazon EH, Colter DC, Schwarz EJ, Prockop DJ. 2001. Rat marrow stromal cells are more sensitive to plating density and expand more rapidly from single-cell-derived colonies than human marrow stromal cells. Stem Cells 19: 219225.
  • Jiang Y, Vaessen B, Lenvik T, Blackstad M, Reyes M, Verfaillie CM. 2002. Multipotent progenitor cells can be isolated from bone marrow, muscle and brain. Exp Hematol 30: 896904.
  • Johansson CB, Momma S, Clarke DL, Risling M, Lendahl U, Frisen J. 1999. Identification of a neural stem cell in the adult mammalian central nervous system. Cell 96: 2534.
  • Johe KK. 2003. Development of neural stem cells for treatment of neurological diseases. Arch Neurol 60: 297.
  • Joshi HC, Cleveland DW. 1990. Diversity among tubulin subunits: toward what functional end? Cell Motil Cytoskel 16: 159.
  • Kacsoh B. 2000. Endocrine physiology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
  • Kasugai S, Nagata T, Sodek J. 1992. Temporal studies on the tissue compartmentalization of bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteopontin (OPN), and SPARC protein during bone formation in vitro. J Cell Physiol 152: 467477.
  • Kishimoto T, Kikutani H, Borne AEGKrvd, Goyert SM, Mason D, Miyasaka M, Moretta L, Okumura K, Shaw S, Springer T, Sugamura K, Zola H. 1997. Leucocyte typing VI, white cell differentiation antigens. Hamden, CT: Garland Publishing.
  • Kopen GC, Prockop DJ, Phinney DG. 1999. Marrow stromal cells migrate throughout forebrain and cerebellum, and they differentiate into astrocytes after injection into neonatal mouse brains. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 96: 1071110716.
  • Krause DS, Theise ND, Collector Mi, Henegariu O, Hwang S, Gardner R, Neutzel S, Sharkis SJ. 2001. Multi-organ, multi-lineage engraftment by a single bone marrow derived stem cell. Cell 105: 369377.
  • Krebsbach PH, Robey PG. 2002. Dental and skeletal stem cells: potential cellular therapeutics for craniofacial regeneration. J Dental Educ 66: 766773.
  • Kruger GM, Mosher JT, Bixby S, Joseph N, Iwashita T, Morrison SJ. 2002. Neural crest stem cells persist in the adult gut but undergo changes in self-renewal, neuronal subtype potential, and factor responsiveness. Neuron 35: 657669.
  • Kumagai J, Sarkar K, Uhthoff HK, Okawara Y, Ooshima A. 1994. Immunohistochemical distribution of type I, II and III collagens in the rabbit supraspinatus tendon insertion. J Anat 185: 279284.
  • Kuznetsov SA, Mankani MH, Gronthos S, Satomura K, Bianco P, Robey PG. 2001. Circulating skeletal stem cells. J Cell Biol 153: 11331139.
  • LaBarge MA, Blau HM. 2002. Biological progression from adult bone marrow to mononucleated muscle stem cell to multinucleate muscle fiber in response to injury. Cell 111: 589601.
  • Lagasse E, Connors H, Al-Dhalimy M, Reitsma M, Dohse M, Osborne L, Wang X, Finegold M, Weisman IL, Grompe M. 2000. Purified hematopoietic stem cells can differentiate into hepatocytes in vivo. Nat Med 6: 12291234.
  • Lannagi R, Cochran NA, Ishigami F, Hakomori S-I, Andrews PW, Knowles BB, Solter D. 1983. Stage specific embryonic antigens (SSEA-3 and -4) are epitopes of a unique globo-series ganglioside isolated from human treatocarcinoma cells. EMBO J 2: 23552361.
  • Lazard D, Sastre X, Frid MG, Glukhova MA, Thiery JP, Koteliansky VE. 1993. Expression of smooth muscle-specific proteins in myoepithelium and stromal myofibroblasts of normal and malignant human breast tissue. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 90: 9991003.
  • Lee JY, Qu-Petersen Z, Cao B, Kimura S, Jankowski R, Cummins J, Usas A, Gates C, Robbins P, Wernig A, Huard J. 2000. Clonal isolation of muscle-derived cells capable of enhancing muscle regeneration and bone healing. J Cell Biol 150: 10851099.
  • Lie DC, Dziewczapolski G, Willhoite AR, Kaspar BK, Shults CW, Gage FH. 2002. The adult substantia nigra contains progenitor cells with neurogenic potential. J Neurosci 22: 66396649.
  • Lucas PA, Syftestad GT, Caplan AI. 1986. Partial isolation and characterization of a chemotactic factor from adult bovine bone for mesenchymal cells. Bone 7: 365371.
  • Lucas PA, Caplan AI. 1988. Chemotactic response of embryonic limb bud mesenchymal cells and muscle-derived fibroblasts to transforming growth factor-beta. Connect Tissue Res 18: 17.
  • Lucas PA, Price PA, Caplan AI. 1988. Chemotactic response of mesenchymal cells, fibroblasts and osteoblast-like cells to bone Gla protein. Bone 5: 1923.
  • Lucas PA. 1989. Chemotactic response of osteoblast-like cells to transforming growth factor-beta. Bone 10: 459463.
  • Lucas PA, Calcutt AF, Mulvaney DJ, Young HE, Southerland SS. 1992. Isolation of putative mesenchymal stem cells from rat embryonic and adult skeletal muscle. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol 28: 154A.
  • Lucas PA, Calcutt AF, Ossi P, Young HE, Southerland SS. 1993. Mesenchymal stem cells from granulation tissue. J Cell Biochem 17E: 122.
  • Lucas PA, Young HE, Laurencin CT. 1994a. Muscle morphogenetic protein and use thereof. U.S. Patent 5,328,695.
  • Lucas PA, Calcutt AF, Ossi P, Young HE, Southerland SS. 1994b. Granulation tissue contains cells capable of differentiating into multiple mesenchymal phenotypes. J Cell Biochem 18C: 276.
  • Lucas PA, Calcutt AF, Southerland SS, Wilson JA, Harvey RL, Warejcka DJ, Young HE. 1995. A population of cells resident within embryonic and newborn rat skeletal muscle is capable of differentiating into multiple mesodermal phenotypes. Wound Rep Reg 3: 457468.
  • Majka SM, Jackson KA, Kienstra KA, Majesky MW, Goodell MA, Hirschi KK. 2003. Distinct progenitor populations in skeletal muscle are bone marrow derived and exhibit different cell fates during vascular regeneration. J Clin Invest 111: 7179.
  • Mauro A. 1961. Satellite cell of skeletal muscle fibers. J Biophys Biochem Cytol 9: 493498.
  • McGuire WP. 1998. High-dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow or stem cell reconstitution for solid tumors. Curr Probl Cancer 22: 135137.
  • McKinney-Freeman SL, Jackson KA, Camargo FD, Ferrari G, Mavillio F, Goodell MA. 2002. Muscle-derived hematopoietic stem cells are hematopoietic in origin. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 13411346.
  • Mezey E, Chandross KJ, Harta G, Maki RA, McKercher SR. 2000. Turning blood into brain: cells bearing neuronal antigens generated in vivo from bone marrow. Science 290: 17791782.
  • Moore KL, Persaud TVN. 1998. The developing human: clinically oriented embryology, 6th edition. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co.
  • Morhenn VB. 2002. In: Developmental studies hybridoma bank product catalog, year 2002. Iowa City, IA: University of Iowa. p 24.
  • Mujoo K, Ali M, Sahib MK. 1983. Isolation, characterization, and synthesis of alpha-fetoprotein from neonatal rat brain. J Neurochem 41: 12231228.
  • Muraglia A, Cancedda R, Quarto R. 2000. Clonal mesenchymal progenitors from bone marrow differentiate in vitro according to a hierarchial model. J Cell Sci 113: 11611166.
  • Murayama A, Matsuzaki Y, Kawaguchi A, Shimazaki T, Okano H. 2002. Flow cytometric analysis of neural stem cells in the developing and adult mouse brain. J Neurosci Res 69: 837847.
  • Naumann K, Pette D. 1994. Effects of chronic stimulation with different impulse patterns on the expression of myosin isoforms in rat myotube cultures. Differentiation 55: 203211.
  • Oben JA, Yang S, Lin H, Ono M, Diehl AM. 2003. Acetylcholine promotes the proliferation and collagen gene expression of myofibroblastic hepatic stellate cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 300: 172177.
  • Otani A, Kinder K, Ewalt K, Otero FJ, Schimmel P, Friedlander M. 2002. Bone marrow-derived stem cells target retinal astrocytes and can promote or inhibit retinal angiogenesis. Nat Med 8: 10041010.
  • Owen M. 1988. Marrow stromal cells. J Cell Sci Suppl 10: 6376.
  • Owen M, Friedenstein AJ. 1988. Stromal stem cells: marrow-derived osteogenic precursors. Ciba Found Symp 136: 4260.
  • Palis J, Segel GB. 1998. Developmental biology of erythropoiesis. Blood Rev 12: 10611064.
  • Palmer TD, Schwartz PH, Taupin P, Kaspar B, Stein SA, Gage FH. 2001. Progenitor cells from human brain after death. Nature 411: 4243.
  • Pate DW, Southerland SS, Grande DA, Young HE, Lucas PA. 1993. Isolation and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells from rabbit muscle. Surg Forum XLIV: 587589.
  • Petersen BE, Bowen WC, Patrene KD, Mars WM, Sullivan AK, Murase N, Boggs SS, Greenberger JS, Goff JP. 1999. Bone marrow as a potential source of hepatic oval cells. Science 284: 11681170.
  • Pittenger MF, Mackay AM, Beck SC, Jaiswal RK, Douglas R, Mosca JD, Moorman MA, Simonetti DW, Craig S, Marshak DR. 1999. Multilineage potential of adult human mesenchymal stem cells. Science 148: 143147.
  • Poulsom R, Alison MR, Forbes SJ, Wright NA. 2002. Adult stem cell plasticity. J Pathol 197: 441456.
  • Prockop DJ. 1997. Marrow stromal cells as stem cells for nonhematopoietic tissues. Science 276: 7174.
  • Quirici N, Soligo D, Bossolasco P, Servida F, Sumini C, Deliliers GL. 2002. Isolation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by anti-nerve growth factor receptor antibodies. Exp Hematol 30: 783791.
  • Ramiya VK, Maraist M, Arfos KE, Schatz DA, Peck AB, Cornelius JG. 2000. Reversal of insulin-dependent diabetes using islets generated in vitro from pancreatic stem cells. Nat Med 6: 278282.
  • Ratajczak MZ, Pletcher CH, Marlicz W, Machlinski B, Moore J, Wasik M, Ratajczak J, Gewirtz AM. 1998. CD34+, kit+, rhodamine 123 (low) phenotype identifies a marrow cell population highly enriched for human hematopoietic stem cells. Leukemia 12: 942950.
  • Reyes M, Verfaillie CM. 2001. Characterization of multipotent adult progenitor cells, a subpopulation of mesenchymal stem cells. Ann NY Acad Sci 938: 231233; discussion, 233–235.
  • Reyes M, Lund T, Lenvik T, Aguiar D, Koodle L, Verfaillie CM. 2001. Purification and ex vivo expansion of postnatal human marrow mesodermal progenitor cells. Blood 98: 26152625.
  • Reynolds R, Carey EM, Herschkowitz N. 1989. Immunohistochemical localization of myelin basic protein and 2′,3′-cyclicnucleotide 3′-phosphohydrolase in flattened membrane expansions produced by cultured oligodendrocytes. Neuroscience 28: 181188.
  • Rogers JJ, Young HE, Adkison LR, Lucas PA, Black JrAC. 1995. Differentiation factors induce expression of muscle, fat, cartilage, and bone in a clone of mouse pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells. Am Surg 61: 231236.
  • Romero-Ramos M, Vourc'h P, Young HE, Lucas PA, Wu Y, Chivatakarn O, Zaman R, Dunkelman N, El-Kalay MA, Chesselet M-F. 2002. Neuronal differentiation of stem cells isolated from adult muscle. J Neurosci Res 69: 894907.
  • Ronnov-Jessen L, Celis JE, Van Deurs B, Petersen OW. 1992. A fibroblast-associated antigen: characterization in fibroblasts and immunoreactivity in smooth muscle differentiated stromal cells. J Histochem Cytochem 40: 475486.
  • Saito T, Dennis JE, Lennon DP, Young RG, Caplan AI. 1995. Myogenic expression of mesenchymal stem cells within myotubes of mdx mice in vitro and in vivo. Tissue Eng 1: 327343.
  • Sanchez-Ramos J, Song S, Cardozo-Pelaez F, Hazzi C, Stedeford T, Willing A, Freeman TB, Saporta S, Janssen W, Patel N, Cooper DR, Sanberg PR. 2000. Adult bone marrow stromal cells differentiate into neural cells in vitro. Exp Neurol 164: 247256.
  • Schaart G, Moens L, Endert JM, Ramaekers FCS. 1997. Biochemical characterization of cardiotin, a sarcoplasmic reticulum associated protein. FEBS Lett 403: 168172.
  • Shafiq SA, Shimizu T, Fischman DA. 1984. Heterogeneity of type I skeletal muscle fibers revealed by monoclonal antibody to slow myosin. Muscle Nerve 7: 380387.
  • Shoptaw JH, Bowerman S, Young HE, Lucas PA. 1991. Use of gelfoam as a substrate for osteogenic cells of marrow. Surg Forum XLII: 537538.
  • Simper D, Stalboerger PG, Panetta CJ, Wang S, Caplice NM. 2002. Smooth muscle progenitor cells in human blood. Circulation 106: 11991204.
  • Skalli O, Ropraz P, Trzeciak A, Benzonana G, Gillessen D, Gabbiani G A. 1986. A monoclonal antibody against alpha-smooth muscle actin: a new probe for smooth muscle differentiation. J Cell Biol 103: 27872796.
  • Solovey A, Lin Y, Browne P, Choong S, Wayner E, Hebbel RP. 1997. Circulating activated endothelial cells in sickle cell anemia. N Eng J Med 337: 15841590.
  • Solter D, Knowles BB, 1978. Monoclonal antibody defining a stage-specific mouse embryonic antigen (SSEA-1). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 75: 55655569.
  • Sprinkle TJ, Agee JF, Tippins RB, Chamberlain CR, Faguet GB, DeVries GH. 1987. Monoclonal antibody production to human and bovine 2′,3′-cyclic nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase (CNPase): high-specificity recognition in whole brain acetone powders and conservation of sequence between CNP1 and CNP2. Brain Res 426: 349357.
  • Sprinkle T. 1989. 2′,3′-cyclic nucleotide 3′-phosphodiesterase, an oligodendrocyte-Schwann cell and myelin-associated enzyme of the nervous system. CRC Crit Rev Neurobiol 4: 235301.
  • St. Croix B, Rago C, Velculescu V, Traverso G, Romans KE, Montgomery E, Lal A, Riggins GJ, Lengauer C, Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW. 2000. Genes expressed in human tumor endothelium. Science 289: 11971202.
  • Tanguchi H, Toyoshima T, Fukao K, Nakauchi H. 1996. Presence of hematopoietic stem cells in the adult liver. Nat Med 2: 198203.
  • Taylor DA, Atkins BZ, Hungspreugs P, Jones TR, Reedy MC, Hutchenson KA, Glower DD, Kraus WE. 1997. Delivery of primary autologous skeletal myoblasts into rabbit heart by coronary infusion: a potential approach to myocardial repair. Proc Assoc Am Physicians 109: 245253.
  • Thulasi R, Dias P, Houghton PJ, Houghton JA. 1996. Alpha 2a-interferon-induced differentiation of human alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma cells: correlation with down-regulation of the insulin-like growth factor type I receptor. Cell Growth Differ 7: 531541.
  • Tole S, Kaprielian Z, Ou SK, Patterson PH. 1995. FORSE-1: a positionally regulated epitope in the developing rat central nervous system. J Neurosci 15: 957969.
  • Tole S, Patterson PH. 1995. Regionalization of the developing forebrain: a comparison of FORSE-1, Dlx-2, and BF-1. J Neurosci 15: 970980.
  • Toma JG, Akhavan M, Fernandes KJ, Barnabe-Heider F, Sadikot A, Kaplan DR, Miller FD. 2001. Isolation of multipotent stem cells from the dermis of mammalian skin. Nat Cell Biol 3: 778784.
  • Tomita S, Li RK, Weisel RD, Mickle DA, Kim EJ, Sakai T, Jia ZQ. 1999. Autologous transplantation of bone marrow cells improves damaged heart function. Circulation 100(Suppl II): 1124711256.
  • Tsai RY, Kittappa R, McKay RGD. 2002. Plasticity, niches, and the use of stem cells. Dev Cell 2: 707712.
  • Turgeman G, Pittman DD, Muller R, Kurkalli BG, Zhou S, Pelled G, Peyser A, Zilberman Y, Moutsatsos IK, Gazit D. 2001. Engineered human mesenchymal stem cells: a novel platform for skeletal cell mediated gene therapy. J Gene Med 3: 240251.
  • Vacanti MP, Leonard JL, Dore B, Bonassar LJ, Cao Y, Stachelek SJ, Vacaqnti JP, O'Connell F, Yu CS, Farwell AP, Vacanti CA. 2001a. Tissue-engineered spinal cord. Transplant Proc 33: 592598.
  • Vacanti MP, Roy A, Cortiella J, Bonassar L, Vacanti CA. 2001b. Identification and initial characterization of spore-like cells in adult mammals. J Cell Biochem 80: 455460.
  • Vescovi AL, Galli R, Gritti A. 2001. The neural stem cells and their transdifferentiation capacity. Biomed Pharmacother 55: 201205.
  • Vierck JL, McNamara JP, Dodson MV. 1996. Proliferation and differentiation of progeny of ovine unilocular fat cells (adipofibroblasts). In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 32: 564572.
  • Walborg JrEF, Tsuchida S, Weeden DS, Thomas MW, Barrick A, McEntire KD, Allison JP, Hixson DC. 1985. Identification of dipeptidyl peptidase IV as a protein shared by the plasma membrane of hepatocytes and liver biomatrix. Exp Cell Res 158: 509518.
  • Warejcka DJ, Harvey R, Taylor BJ, Young HE, Lucas PA. 1996. A population of cells isolated from rat heart capable of differentiating into several mesodermal phenotypes. J Surg Res 62: 233242.
  • Webster C, Silberstein L, Hays AP, Blau HM. 1988. Fast muscle fibers are preferentially affected in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Cell 52: 503513.
  • Winter A, Breit S, Parsch D, Benz K, Steck E, Hauner H, Weber RM, Ewerbeck V, Richter W. 2003. Cartilage-like gene expression in differentiated human stem cell spheroids. Arthritis Rheum 48: 418429.
  • Wood JN, Anderton BH. 1981. Monoclonal antibodies to mammalian neurofilaments. Biosci Rep 1: 263268.
  • Woodbury D, Schwarz EJ, Prockop DJ, Black IB. 2000. Adult rat and human bone marrow stromal cells differentiate into neurons. J Neurosci Res 61: 364370.
  • Woodbury D, Reynolds K, Black IB. 2002. Adult bone marrow stromal stem cells express germline, ectodermal, endodermal, and mesodermal genes prior to neurogenesis. J Neurosci Res 96: 908917.
  • Wright WE, Binder M, Funk W. 1991. Cyclic amplification and selection of targets (CASTing) for the myogenin consensus binding site. Mol Cell Biol 11: 41044110.
  • Yang L, Shiwu L, Hatch H, Ahrens K, Cornelius JG, Petersen BE, Peck AB. 2002. In vitro trans-differentation of adult hepatic stem cells into pancreatic endocrine hormone-producing cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 99: 80788083.
  • Ye XJ, Terato K, Nakatani H, Cremer MA, Yoo TJ. 1991. Monoclonal antibodies against bovine type IX collagen (LMW fragment): production, characterization, and use for immunohistochemical localization studies. J Histochem Cytochem 39: 265271.
  • Young HE. 1977a. Epidermal ridge formation during limb regeneration in the adult salamander, Ambystoma annulatum. Proc Ark Acad Sci 31: 107109.
  • Young HE. 1977b. Limb regeneration in the adult salamander, Ambystoma annulatum Cope 1889 (Amphibia: Ambystomatidae). Fayetteville, AR: University of Arkansas Library Press.
  • Young HE. 1977c. Anomalies during limb regeneration in the adult salamander, Ambystoma annulatum. Proc Ark Acad Sci 31: 110111.
  • Young HE. 1983. A temporal examination of glycoconjugates during the initiation phase of limb regeneration in adult Ambystoma. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Library Press.
  • Young HE, Bailey CF. Dalley BK. 1983a. Environmental conditions prerequisite for complete limb regeneration in the postmetamorphic adult land-phase salamander, Ambystoma. Anat Rec 206: 289294.
  • Young HE, Bailey CF, Dalley BK. 1983b. Gross morphological analysis of limb regeneration in postmetamorphic adult Ambystoma. Anat Rec 206: 295306.
  • Young HE, Dalley BK, Markwald RR. 1983c. Identification of hyaluronate within peripheral nervous tissue matrices during limb regeneration. In: CoatesPW, MarkwaldRR, KennyAD, editors. Developing and regenerating vertebrate nervous systems, neurology and neurobiology. New York: Alan R. Liss, Inc. 6, p 175183.
  • Young HE, Dalley BK, Markwald RR. 1983d. The interaction of glycosaminoglycans (GAG) and nervous tissue regeneration in adult Ambystoma. Anat Rec 205: 202.
  • Young HE, Bailey CF, Markwald RR, Dalley BK. 1985. Histological analysis of limb regeneration in postmetamorphic adult Ambystoma. Anat Rec 212: 183194.
  • Young HE, Dalley BK, Markwald RR. 1989a. Glycoconjugates in normal wound tissue matrices during the initiation phase of limb regeneration in adult Ambystoma. Anat Rec 223: 231241.
  • Young HE, Dalley BK, Markwald RR. 1989b. Effect of selected denervations on glycoconjugate composition and tissue morphology during the initiation phase of limb regeneration in adult Ambystoma. Anat Rec 223: 231241.
  • Young HE, Carrino DA, Caplan AI. 1989c. Histochemical analysis of newly synthesized and resident sulfated glycosaminoglycans during musculogenesis in the embryonic chick leg. J Morph 201: 85103.
  • Young HE, Morrison DC, Martin JD, Lucas PA. 1991. Cryopreservation of embryonic chick myogenic lineage-committed stem cells. J Tissue Cult Methods 13: 275284.
  • Young HE, Ceballos EM, Smith JC, Lucas PA, Morrison DC. 1992a. Isolation of embryonic chick myosatellite and pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells. J Tissue Cult Methods 14: 8592.
  • Young HE, Sippel J, Putnam LS, Lucas PA, Morrison DC. 1992b. Enzyme-linked immuno-culture assay. J Tissue Cult Methods 14: 3136.
  • Young HE, Ceballos EM, Smith JC, Mancini ML, Wright RP, Ragan BL, Bushell I, Lucas PA. 1993. Pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells reside within avian connective tissue matrices. In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim 29A: 723736.
  • Young HE, Mancini ML, Wright RP, Smith JC, Black JrAC, Reagan CR, Lucas PA. 1995. Mesenchymal stem cells reside within the connective tissues of many organs. Dev Dyn 202: 137144.
  • Young HE, Lucas PA. 1998. Pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells and methods of use thereof. U.S. Patent 5,827,735.
  • Young HE, Wright RP, Mancini ML, Lucas PA, Reagan CR. Black JrAC. 1998a. Bioactive factors affect proliferation and phenotypic expression in pluripotent and progenitor mesenchymal stem cells. Wound Rep Reg 6: 6575.
  • Young HE, Rogers JJ, Adkison LR, Lucas PA, Black JrAC. 1998b. Muscle morphogenetic protein induces myogenic gene expression in Swiss-3T3 cells. Wound Rep Reg 6: 530541.
  • Young HE, Steele TA, Bray RA, Detmer K, Blake LW, Lucas PA, Black JrAC. 1999. Human pluripotent and progenitor cells display cell surface cluster differentiation markers CD10, CD13, CD56, and MHC Class-I. Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 221: 6371.
  • Young HE. 2000. Stem cells and tissue engineering. In: HuardJ, FuFH, editors. Gene Therapy in orthopaedic and sports medicine. New York: Springer-Verlag. p 143173.
  • Young HE, Duplaa C, Young TM, Floyd JA, Reeves ML, Davis KH, Mancini GJ, Eaton ME, Hill JD, Thomas K, Austin T, Edwards C, Cuzzourt J, Parikh A, Groom J, Hudson J, Black JrAC. 2001a. Clonogenic analysis reveals reserve stem cells in postnatal mammals. I. Pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells. Anat Rec 263: 350360.
  • Young HE, Steele T, Bray RA, Hudson J, Floyd JA, Hawkins KC, Thomas K, Austin T, Edwards C, Cuzzourt J, Duenzl M, Lucas PA, Black JrAC. 2001b. Human reserve pluripotent mesenchymal stem cells are present in the connective tissues of skeletal muscle and dermis derived from fetal, adult, and geriatric donors. Anat Rec 264: 5162.
  • Young HE. 2004. Existence of reserve quiescent stem cells in adults, from amphibians to humans. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol 280: 71109.
  • Young HE, Duplaa C, Romero-Ramos M, Chesselet M-F, Vourc'h P, Yost MJ, Ericson K, Terracio L, Asahara T, Masuda H, Tamura-Ninomiya S, Detmer K, Bray RA, Steele TA, Hixson D, El-Kalay M, Tobin BW, Russ RD, Horst MN, Floyd JA, Henson NL, Hawkins KC, Groom J, Parikh A, Blake L, Bland LJ, Thompson AJ, Kirincich A, Moreau C, Hudson J, Bowyer IIIFP, Lin TJ, Black JrAC. 2004a. Adult reserve stem cells and their potential for tissue engineering. J Cell Biochem Biophys 40(1): (in press).
  • Young HE, Duplaa C, Yost MJ, Henson NL, Floyd JA, Detmer K, Thompson AJ, Powell SW, Gamblin TC, Kizziah K, Holland BJ, Boev A, Van de Water JM, Godbee DC, Jackson S, Rimando M, Edwards CR, Wu E, Cawley C, Edwards PD, Macgregor A, Bozof R, Thompson TM, Petro JrGJ, Shelton HM, McCampbell BL, Mills JC, Flynt FL, Steele TA, Kearney M, Kirincich-Greathead A, Hardy W, Young PR, Amin AV, Williams RS, Horton MM, McGuinn S, Hawkins KC, Davis JG, Parikh A, Ericson K, Terracio L, Moreau C, Hixson D, Tobin BW, Hudson J, Bowyer IIIFP, Black JrAC. 2004b. Clonogenic analysis reveals reserve stem cells in postnatal mammals. II. Pluripotent epiblastic-like stem cells. Anat Rec (in press).
  • Zhao Y, Glesne D, Huberman E. 2003. A human peripheral blood monocyte-derived subset acts as pluripotent stem cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 100: 24262431.
  • Zuk PA, Zhu M, Mizuno H, Huang J, Futrell JW, Katz AJ, Benhaim P, Lorenz P, Hedrick MH. 2001. Multilineage cells from human adipose tissue: implications for cell-based therapies. Tissue Eng 7: 211228.
  • Zulewski H, Abraham EJ, Gerlach MJ, Daniel PB, Moritz W, Muller B, Vallejo M, Thomas MK, Habener JF. 2001. Multipotential nestin-positive stem cells isolated from adult pancreatic islets differentiate ex vivo into pancreatic endocrine, exocrine, and hepatic phenotypes. Diabetes 50: 521533.
  • Zvaifler NJ, Marinova-Mutafchieva L, Adams G, Edwards CJ, Moss J, Burger JA, Maini RN. 2000. Mesenchymal precursor cells in the blood of normal individuals. Arthritis Res 2: 477488.