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LITERATURE CITED

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  • Bowker RM. 2003a. The growth and adaptive capabilities of the hoof wall and sole: functional changes in response to stress. Proceedings of the 49th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, New Orleans, LA.
  • Bowker RM. 2003b. Contrasting structural morphologies of “good” and “bad” footed horses. Proceedings of the 49th Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, New Orleans, LA.
  • Budras KD, Hullinger RL, Sack WO. 1989. Light and electron microscopy of keratinization in the laminar epidermis of the equine hoof with reference to laminitis. Am J Vet Res 50: 11501160.
  • Carter DR, Beaupre GS. 2001. Skeletal function and form. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Daradka M, Pollitt CC. 2004. Epidermal cell proliferation in the equine hoof wall. Equine Vet J 36: 236241.
  • Douglas JE, Mittal C, Thomason JJ, Jofriet JC. 1996. Mechanical properties of the equine hoof wall: implications for hoof function. J Exp Biol 199: 18291836.
  • Douglas JE, Biddick TL, Thomason JJ, Jofriet JC. 1998. Stress/strain behaviour in the laminar junction. J Exp Biol 201: 22872297.
  • Douglas JE, Thomason JJ. 2000. Shape, orientation and spacing of the primary epidermal laminae in the hooves of neonatal and adult horses (Equus caballus). Cells Tissues Organs 166: 304318.
  • Faramarzi B. 2003. Morphology of the equine laminar junction correlated with external anatomy of the hoof. Master thesis. Guelph: University of Guelph.
  • Gustås P, Johnston C, Roepstorff L, Drevemo S. 2001. In vivo transmission of impact shock waves in the distal forelimb of the horse. Equine Vet J 33(Suppl): 1115.
  • Hinterhofer C, Stanek C, Binder K. 1998. Elastic modulus of equine hoof horn, tested in wall samples, sole samples and frog samples at varying levels of moisture. Berl Munchener Tierarzt Wochenschrift 111: 217221.
  • Hinterhofer C, Stanek C, Haider H. 2000. The effect of flat horseshoes, raised heels and lowered heels on the biomechanics of the equine hoof assessed by finite-element analysis (FEA). Zentralblatt Vet Reihe A 47: 7382.
  • Hinterhofer C, Stanek C, Haider H. 2001. Finite-element analysis (FEA) as a model to predict effects of farriery on the equine hoof. Equine Vet J 33(Suppl): 5862.
  • Hood DM, Taylor D, Wagner IP. 2001. Effects of ground surface deformability, trimming, and shoeing on quasistatic hoof loading patterns in horses. Am J Vet Res 62: 895900.
  • Kane AJ, Stover SM, Gardner IA, Bock KB, Case JT, Johnson BJ, Anderson ML, Barr BC, Daft BM, Kinde H, Larochelle D, Moore J, Mysore J, Stoltz J, Woods L, Read DH, Ardans AA. 1998. Hoof size, shape, and balance as possible risk factors for catastrophic musculoskeletal injury of thoroughbred racehorses. Am J Vet Res 59: 15451552.
  • Kasapi MA, Gosline JM. 1999. Micromechanics of the equine hoof wall: optimizing crack control and material stiffness through modulation of the properties of keratin. J Exp Biol 202: 377391.
  • Martin RB, Burr DB, Sharkey NA. 1998. Skeletal tissue mechanics. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • McClinchey HL, Thomason JJ, Jofriet JC. 2003. Isolating the effects of equine hoof shape measurements on capsule strain with finite-element analysis. Vet Comp Orthopaed Traumatol 16: 6775.
  • Merkens HW, Schamhardt HC, van Osch GJ, van den Bogert AJ. 1993. Ground reaction force patterns of Dutch warmblood horses at normal trot. Equine Vet J 25: 134137.
  • Newlyn HA, Collins SN, Cope BC, Hopegood L, Latham RJ, Reilly JD. 1998. Finite-element analysis of static loading in donkey hoof wall. Equine Vet J 26(Suppl): 103110.
  • Pollitt CC. 1990. An autoradiographic study of equine hoof growth. Equine Vet J 22: 366368.
  • Pollitt C. 1998. The anatomy and physiology of the hoof wall. Equine Vet Ed 4: 310.
  • Stump JE. 1967. Anatomy of the normal equine foot, including microscopic features of the laminar region. J Am Vet Med Assoc 151: 15881598.
  • Thomason JJ, Douglas JE, Sears W. 2001. Morphology of the laminar junction in relation to the shape of the hoof capsule and third phalanx in adult horses (Equus caballus). Cells Tissues Organs 166: 304318.
  • Thomason JJ, McClinchey HL, Jofriet JC. 2002. The analysis of strain and stress in the equine hoof capsule using finite-element methods: comparison with principal strains recorded in vivo. Equine Vet J 34: 719725.
  • Thomason JJ, Bignell WW, Batiste D, Sears W. 2004. Effects of hoofshape, body mass and velocity on surface strain in the wall of the unshod forehoof of standardbreds trotting on a treadmill: equine and comparative exercise physiology. Equine Comp Exercise Physiol 1: 8797.
  • Willemen MA, Jacobs MW, Schamhardt HC. 1999. In vitro transmission and attenuation of impact vibrations in the distal forelimb. Equine Vet J 30(Suppl): 245248.