Virtual study of the endocranial morphology of the matrix-filled cranium from Eliye Springs, Kenya
Version of Record online: 24 JAN 2004
Copyright © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology
Volume 276A, Issue 2, pages 113–133, February 2004
How to Cite
Bräuer, G., Groden, C., Gröning, F., Kroll, A., Kupczik, K., Mbua, E., Pommert, A. and Schiemann, T. (2004), Virtual study of the endocranial morphology of the matrix-filled cranium from Eliye Springs, Kenya. Anat. Rec., 276A: 113–133. doi: 10.1002/ar.a.90122
- Issue online: 24 JAN 2004
- Version of Record online: 24 JAN 2004
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 SEP 2003
- Manuscript Received: 6 FEB 2003
- archaic Homo sapiens;
- virtual reconstruction
This paper provides the first endocranial description of the matrix-filled archaic Homo sapiens cranium from Eliye Springs, Kenya. Using CT-based 3D reconstruction, the virtually cleaned endocranial surface allowed for the assessment of more than 30 metrical and nonmetrical features, most of which are considered of phylogenetic importance. The VOXEL-MAN program used was most valuable in describing and analyzing the morphological conditions. Since many of the features have not been widely or virtually studied, a small sample of late Pleistocene/early Holocene skulls from East Africa was similarly analyzed for insight into recent variation. The comparisons between Eliye Springs and the modern African specimens showed that the endocranial morphology of this probably later Middle Pleistocene hominid falls into, or close to, the modern ranges of variation for most features. This study also addresses the problems of variation and phylogenetic significance of many of the features, and highlights the need for basic studies on the variability and relevance of such endocranial traits in human evolution. Anat Rec Part A 276A:113–133, 2004. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.