Creation of the Chinese visible human data set

Authors

  • Shao-Xiang Zhang,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400038 China
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  • Pheng-Ann Heng,

  • Zheng-Jin Liu,

  • Li-Wen Tan,

  • Ming-Guo Qiu,

  • Qi-Yu Li,

  • Rong-Xia Liao,

  • Kai Li,

  • Gao-Yu Cui,

  • Yan-Li Guo,

  • Xiao-Ping Yang,

  • Guang-Jiu Liu,

  • Jing-Lu Shan,

  • Ji-Jun Liu,

  • Wei-Guo Zhang,

  • Xian-Hong Chen,

  • Jin-Hua Chen,

  • Jian Wang,

  • Wei Chen,

  • Ming Lu,

  • Jian You,

  • Xue-Li Pang,

  • Hong Xiao,

  • Yong-Ming Xie


  • Drs. S.-X. Zhang, Z.-J. Liu, L.-W. Tan, M.-G. Qiu, Q.-Y. Li, R.-X. Liao, K. Li, G.-Y. Cui, Y.-L. Guo, X.-P. Yang, G.-J. Liu, J.-L. Shan, and J.-J. Liu are in the Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Drs. P.-A. Heng and Y.-M. Xie are in the Virtual Reality, Visualization and Imaging Research Center, Chinese University of Hong Kong, China. Drs. W.-G. Zhang, X.-H. Chen, and J.-H. Chen are in the Department of Imaging Diagnosis, Research Institute of Field Surgery, Daping Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Drs. J. Wang, W. Chen, M. Lu, and J. You are in the Department of Radiology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Drs. X.-L. Pang and H. Xiao are in the Department of Radiation Oncology, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. Dr. S.-X. Zhang is Dean of the College of Medicine at Third Military Medical University, Chongqing, China. He holds a doctoral degree in Clinical Medicine and Anatomy and has worked in the field of Human Sectional Anatomy for over 20 years. He is the principal investigator on the Chinese Visible Human Project. Dr. P.-A. Heng is Director of the Virtual Reality, Visualization and Imaging Research Centre at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. He is the chief scientist on Computer Assisted Medicine at the University. With Dr. Zhang, he is co-principal investigator on the Chinese Visible Human Project.

Abstract

The United States Visible Human Project (VHP) created a digital image data set of complete human male (data acquisition finished in November 1994) and female (data acquisition finished in December 1995) cadavers in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and anatomical (anatomic serial section) modes. VHP aroused worldwide enthusiasm for Visible Human Research (VHR), and the data set is being used in a variety of research and educational domains. The Visible Korean Human (VKH) male was produced in March 2001. To accelerate worldwide VHR and to promote virtual anatomy as a revolutionary break with conventional anatomy, more visible human data sets representative of different populations of the world are in demand. The Chinese Visible Human (CVH) male (created in October 2002) and female (created in February 2003) project achieved greater integrity of images, easier blood vessel identification, and were free of organic lesion (unlike the other visible human projects). We performed data acquisition, three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, and visualization with improved technology to create CVH male and female. CVH is the first volumetric data representing a complete normal adult human male and female of an Asian population. This article presents the history of Chinese Visible Human cadavers and the methods and technology used to produce the data set. Anat Rec (Part B: New Anat) 275B:190–195, 2003. © 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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