THE INFLUENCE OF DIETARY α-SOLANINE ON THE WAXMOTH Galleria mellonella L
Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
Volume 83, Issue 1, pages 15–24, May 2013
How to Cite
Büyükgüzel, E., Büyükgüzel, K., Erdem, M., Adamski, Z., Adamski, Z., Marciniak, P., Ziemnicki, K., Ventrella, E., Scrano, L. and Bufo, S. A. (2013), THE INFLUENCE OF DIETARY α-SOLANINE ON THE WAXMOTH Galleria mellonella L. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol., 83: 15–24. doi: 10.1002/arch.21089
- Issue online: 12 APR 2013
- Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2013
- Galleria mellonella;
- oxidative stress;
Plant allelochemicals are nonnutritional chemicals that interfere with the biology of herbivores. We posed the hypothesis that ingestion of a glycoalkaloid allelochemical, α-solanine, impairs biological parameters of greater wax moths Galleria mellonella. To test this idea, we reared wax moths on artificial diets with 0.015, 0.15, or 1.5 mg/100 g diet of α-solanine. Addition of α-solanine to the diet affected survival of seventh-instar larvae, pupae, and adults; and female fecundity and fertility. The diet containing the highest α-solanine concentration led to decreased survivorship, fecundity, and fertility. The diets supplemented with α-solanine led to increased malondialdehyde and protein carbonyl contents in midgut and fat body and the effect was dose-dependent. Dietary α-solanine led to increased midgut glutathione S-transferase activity and to decreased fat body glutathione S-transferase activitiy. We infer from these findings that α-solanine influences life history parameters and antioxidative enzyme activities in the midgut and fat body of G. mellonella.