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Keywords:

  • methoprene;
  • fat body;
  • storage protein;
  • apolipophorin;
  • wound effect

Abstract

In adult female Locusta migratoria, at about day 8 after eclosion, when vitellogenin (Vg) is first produced as a result of induction by juvenile hormone (JH), the intensity of hemolymph protein electrophoretic bands at about 75 kDa and 20 kDa increases sharply, suggesting that JH may induce additional proteins. A major component of the elevated protein is persistent storage protein (PSP; subunit 74 kDa). Administration of the JH analog, methoprene, to precocene-treated adult locusts was followed by a rise in hemolymph levels of PSP but not in apolipophorin III (19 kDa), identified immunochemically and electrophoretically. The synthesis of PSP in adult fat body was confirmed by incorporation of [3H]leucine. At 48 h after treatment with methoprene, Vg synthesis was induced in females (as previously observed) and synthesis of PSP in both sexes was elevated above controls, while synthesis of apolipophorin III was not stimulated. We conclude that in adult locust fat body the synthesis of several proteins responds in different ways to the JH analog: Vg (and a 21 kDa protein described elsewhere) is induced de novo solely in females; PSP (and a 19 kDa protein described elsewhere) is stimulated in both sexes but is not fully JH-dependent; apolipophorin III is not stimulated. In these experiments, methoprene was administered both by injection in mineral oil and topically in acetone. After injection of mineral oil as a vector control, incorporation into secreted proteins was stimulated at 24 h, presumably due to a wound effect; topical application of acetone avoids this effect and is a preferred route for administration of JH analog. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.