Where are stone artefacts found? Testing Hall's predictive model of artefact density in the south-east Australian highlands


Correspondence: Grant W.G. Cochrane, Cutting Edge Archaeology, 15/52-58 Meta St, Mooloolaba, 4557, Qld, Australia. Email: grant@cearchaeology.com.au


We use a non-site survey methodology and statistical significance testing to evaluate Hall's (1992a) predictive model of stone artefact distributions in the south-east Australian highlands. The study area is a 19.5 km2 rectangular corridor in the Limestone Creek valley, north-east Victoria. The study confirms a number of Hall's predictions about the relationship between stone artefact density and environmental factors. The strongest relationship is between artefact density and slope. This relationship is probably a reflection of both cultural and non-cultural processes, which have promoted higher artefact density on the more subdued terrain. We also found that less common artefact types such as retouched tools and cores had the least predictable spatial distributions, although this may be a reflection of the small sample size.