SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    McGonagle D, Gibbon WW, O'Connor P, Green M, Pease C, Emery P. Characteristic magnetic resonance imaging entheseal changes of knee synovitis in spondylarthropathy. Arthritis Rheum 1998; 41: 694700.
  • 2
    Braun J, Khan MA, Sieper J. Enthesitis and ankylosis in spondyloarthropathy: what is the target of the immune response? Ann Rheum Dis 2000; 59: 98594.
  • 3
    Lampman JH. Origin of enthesopathy. J Rheumatol 1985; 12: 10301.
  • 4
    Niepel GAK, Kostka D, Kopecky S, Manca S. Enthesopathy. Acta Rheumatol Balneol Pistin 1966; 1: 164.
  • 5
    Ball J. Enthesopathy of rheumatoid and ankylosing spondylitis. Ann Rheum Dis 1971; 30: 21323.
  • 6
    Schlosstein L, Terasaki PI, Bluestone R, Pearson CM. High association of an HL-A antigen, W27, with ankylosing spondylitis. N Engl J Med 1973; 288: 7046.
  • 7
    Ball J. Articular pathology of ankylosing spondylitis. Clin Orthop Rel Res 1979; 143: 307.
  • 8
    Bywaters EG. Pathology of spondyloarthropathies. In: CalinA, editor. Spondyloarthropathies. London: Grunne and Stratton; 1984. p. 4368.
  • 9
    Schichikawa K, Tsyimoto M, Nishioka J, Nishibayashi Y, Matusmoto K. Histopathology of early sacroiliitis and enthesitis in ankylosing spondylitis. In: ZiffMC, editor. Advances in inflammation research. New York: Raven Press; 1985. p. 1524.
  • 10
    Francois RJ, Braun J, Khan MA. Entheses and enthesitis: a histopathologic review and relevance to spondyloarthritides. Curr Opin Rheumatol 2001; 13: 25564.
  • 11
    Rufai A, Ralphs JR, Benjamin M. Structure and histopathology of the insertional region of the human Achilles tendon. J Orthop Res 1995; 13: 58593.
  • 12
    Ferretti A, Ippolito E, Mariani P, Puddu G. Jumper's knee. Am J Sports Med 1983; 11: 5862.
  • 13
    Benjamin M, McGonagle D. The anatomical basis for disease localisation in seronegative spondyloarthropathy at entheses and related sites. J Anat 2001; 199: 50326.
  • 14
    Canoso JJ. The premiere enthesis. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 12546.
  • 15
    Jevtic V, Watt I, Rozman B, Kos-Golja M, Demsar F, Jarh O. Distinctive radiological features of small hand joints in rheumatoid arthritis and seronegative spondyloarthritis demonstrated by contrast-enhanced (Gd-DTPA) magnetic resonance imaging. Skel Radiol 1995; 24: 3515.
  • 16
    Benjamin M, Ralphs JR, Shibu M, Irwin M. Capsular tissues of the proximal interphalangeal joint: normal composition and effects of Dupuytren's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. J Hand Surg [Br] 1993; 18: 3716.
  • 17
    Lewis AR, Ralphs JR, Kneafsey B, Benjamin M. Distribution of collagens and glycosaminoglycans in the joint capsule of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the human finger. Anat Rec 1998; 250: 28191.
  • 18
    McGonagle DW, Gibbon W, Emery P. Classification of inflammatory arthritis by enthesitis. Lancet 1998; 352: 113740.
  • 19
    Benjamin M, Ralphs JR. Fibrocartilage in tendons and ligaments: an adaptation to compressive load. J Anat 1998; 193: 48194.
  • 20
    Olivieri I, Barozzi L, Favaro L, Pierro A, de Matteis M, Borghi C, et al. Dactylitis in patients with seronegative spondylarthropathy: assessment by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. Arthritis Rheum 1996; 39: 15248.
  • 21
    Woo SL-Y, Maynard J, Butler D, Lyon R, Torzelli P, Akenson W, et al. Ligament, tendon, and joint capsule insertions to bone. In: WooSL-Y BuckwalterBJ, editors. Injury and repair of the musculoskeletal soft tissues. Park Ridge (IL): American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 1988. p. 13366.
  • 22
    Wilkinson M, Bywaters EGL. Clinical features and course of ankylosing spondylitis. Ann Rheum Dis 1958; 17: 20928.
  • 23
    Russell AS, Jackson F. Computer assisted tomography of the apophyseal changes in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. J Rheumatol 1986; 13: 5815.
  • 24
    Simkin PA, Downey DJ, Kilcoyne RF. Apophyseal arthritis limits lumbar motion in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Arthritis Rheum 1988; 31: 798802.
  • 25
    Boszczyk AAB, Kroge A, Boos W, Benjamin M, Milz S. Immunohistological changes from healthy to degenerate lumbar dorsal articular joint complexes [abstract]. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2001; 83B Suppl 2: 141.
  • 26
    Nakamura T, Hashimoto N, Maeda Y, Ikeda T, Nakagawa H, Takagi K. Degeneration and ossification of the yellow ligament in unstable spine. J Spinal Disord 1990; 3: 28892.
  • 27
    McGonagle D, Marzo-Ortega H, O'Connor P, Gibbon W, Pease C, Reece R, et al. The role of biomechanical factors and HLA–B27 in magnetic resonance imaging–determined bone changes in plantar fascia enthesopathy. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 48993.
  • 28
    Milz S, Rufai A, Buettner A, Putz R, Ralphs JR, Benjamin M. Three-dimensional reconstructions of the Achilles tendon insertion in man. J Anat 2002; 200: 14552.
  • 29
    Reilly GC, Currey JD. The development of microcracking and failure in bone depends on the loading mode to which it is adapted. J Exp Biol 1999; 202: 54352.
  • 30
    Muir P, Johnson KA, Ruaux-Mason CP. In vivo matrix microdamage in a naturally occurring canine fatigue fracture. Bone 1999; 25: 5716.
  • 31
    Maksymowych WP. Ankylosing spondylitis: at the interface of bone and cartilage. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 2295301.
  • 32
    Morrison WB, Carrino JA, Schweitzer ME, Sanders TG, Raiken DP, Johnson CE. Subtendinous bone marrow edema patterns on MR images of the ankle: association with symptoms and tendinopathy. AJR. American Journal of Roentgenol 2001; 176: 114954.
  • 33
    Gladman D, Psoriatic arthritis. In: MaddisonPJ, IsenbergD, WooP, GlassDN, editors. Oxford textbook of rheumatology. 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press; 1998. p. 107184.
  • 34
    Ahlström H, Feltelius N, Nyman R, Hällgren R. Magnetic resonance imaging of sacroiliac joint inflammation. Arthritis Rheum 1990; 33: 17639.
  • 35
    Maugars Y, Berthelot JM, Ducloux JM, Prost A. SAPHO syndrome: a follow-up study of 19 cases with special emphasis on enthesis involvement. J Rheumatol 1995; 22: 213541.
  • 36
    Maksymowych WP, Lambert R, Jhangri GS, Leclercq S, Chiu P, Wong B, et al. Clinical and radiological amelioration of refractory peripheral spondyloarthritis by pulse intravenous pamidronate therapy. J Rheumatol 2001; 28: 14455.
  • 37
    Braun J, Bollow M, Neure L, Seipelt E, Seyrekbasan F, Herbst H, et al. Use of immunohistologic and in situ hybridization techniques in the examination of sacroiliac joint biopsy specimens from patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Arthritis Rheum 1995; 38: 499505.
  • 38
    Watt I. Basic differential diagnosis of arthritis. Eur Radiol 1997; 7: 34451.
  • 39
    Lehtinen A. Taavitsainen M, Leirisalo-Repo M. Sonographic analysis of enthesopathy in the lower extremities of patients with spondylarthropathy. Clin Exp Rheumatol 1994; 12: 1438.
  • 40
    D'Agostino MA, Breban M, Said-Nahal R, Dougados M. Refractory inflammatory heel pain in spondylarthropathy: a significant response to infliximab documented by ultrasound [letter]. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 8401.
  • 41
    Eulderink F, Ivanyi P, Weinrich S. Histopathology of murine ankylosing enthesopathy. Pathol Res Pract 1998; 194: 797803.
  • 42
    Mau W, Zeidler H, Mau R, Majewski A, Freyschmidt J, Stangel W, et al. Clinical features and prognosis of patients with possible ankylosing spondylitis: results of a 10-year followup. J Rheumatol 1988; 15: 110914.
  • 43
    Oostveen J, Prevo R, den Boer J, van de Laar M. Early detection of sacroiliitis on magnetic resonance imaging and subsequent development of sacroiliitis on plain radiography: a prospective, longitudinal study. J Rheumatol 1999; 26: 19538.
  • 44
    Marzo-Ortega H, Emery P, McGonagle D. The concept of disease modification in spondyloarthropathy [editorial]. J Rheumatol 2002; 29; 15835.
  • 45
    Costello PJ, Winchester RJ, Curran SA, Peterson KS, Kane DJ, Bresnihan B, et al. Psoriatic arthritis joint fluids are characterized by CD8 and CD4 T cell clonal expansions that appear antigen driven. J Immunol 2001; 166: 287886.
  • 46
    Laloux L, Voisin MC, Allain J, Martin N, Kerboull L, Chevalier X, et al., Immunohistological study of entheses in spondyloarthropathies: comparison in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Ann Rheum Dis 2001; 60: 31621.
  • 47
    Marzo-Ortega H, McGonagle D, O'Connor P, Emery P. Efficacy of etanercept in the treatment of the entheseal pathology in resistant spondylarthropathy: a clinical and magnetic resonance imaging study. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 44: 21127.
  • 48
    Braun J, Brandt J, Listing J, Zink A, Alten R, Golden W, et al., Treatment of active ankylosing spondylitis with infliximab: a randomised controlled multicentre trial. Lancet 2002; 359: 118793.
  • 49
    Maksymowych WP, Jhangri GS, Fitzgerald AA, LeClercq S, Chiu P, Yan A, et al. A six-month randomized, controlled, double-blind, dose-response comparison of intravenous pamidronate (60 mg versus 10 mg) in the treatment of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug–refractory ankylosing spondylitis. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 76673.
  • 50
    Mikecz K, Glant TT, Poole AR. Immunity to cartilage proteoglycans in BALB/c mice with progressive polyarthritis and ankylosing spondylitis induced by injection of human cartilage proteoglycan. Arthritis Rheum 1987; 30: 30618.
  • 51
    Leroux JY, Guerassimov A, Cartman A, Delaunay N, Webber C, Rosenberg LC, et al. Immunity to the G1 globular domain of the cartilage proteoglycan aggrecan can induce inflammatory erosive polyarthritis and spondylitis in BALB/c mice but immunity to G1 is inhibited by covalently bound keratan sulfate in vitro and in vivo. J Clin Invest 1996; 97: 62132.
  • 52
    Poole AR. The histopathology of ankylosing spondylitis: are there unifying hypotheses? Am J Med Sci 1998; 316: 22833.
  • 53
    Guerassimov A, Zhang Y, Banerjee S, Cartman A, Webber C, Esdaile J, et al. Autoimmunity to cartilage link protein in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 14804.
  • 54
    Ross R. Atherosclerosis: an inflammatory disease. N Engl J Med 1999; 340: 11526.
  • 55
    Hochleitner BW, Hochleitner EO, Obrist P, Eberl T, Amberger A, Xu Q, et al. Fluid shear stress induces heat shock protein 60 expression in endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2000; 20: 61723.
  • 56
    Ohashi K, Burkart V, Flohe S, Kolb H. Cutting edge: heat shock protein 60 is a putative endogenous ligand of the toll-like receptor-4 complex. J Immunol 2000; 164: 55861.
  • 57
    Matzinger P. Tolerance, danger and the extended family. Annu Rev Immunol 1994; 12: 9911045.
  • 58
    McGonagle D, Stockwin L, Isaacs J, Emery P. An enthesitis based model for the pathogenesis of spondyloarthropathy: additive effects of microbial adjuvant and biomechanical factors at disease sites. J Rheumatol 2001; 28: 21559.
  • 59
    Gu J, Marker-Hermann E, Baeten D, Tsai WC, Gladman D, Xiong M, et al. 588-gene microarray analysis of the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of spondyloarthropathy patients. Rheumatology 2002; 41: 75966.
  • 60
    McGonagle D, Emery P. Enthesitis, osteitis, microbes, biomechanics, and immune reactivity in ankylosing spondylitis. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 23024.