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Abstract

Objective

To determine the role of tumor necrosis factor receptor p55 (TNFRp55)–mediated signaling in the pathogenesis of scleroderma.

Methods

A murine model of scleroderma that closely resembles systemic sclerosis in humans was used. Wild-type and TNFRp55-deficient (TNFRp55−/−) mice received a subcutaneous injection of bleomycin each day. The extent of skin fibrosis was determined by measurements of the dermal thickness, as well as histologic examinations. Expression levels of fibrogenic cytokines, procollagen α1, and matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), MMP-2, and MMP-9 messenger RNA (mRNA) were analyzed, both in vivo and in vitro, by reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction assay or Western blotting.

Results

TNFRp55−/− mice began to develop severe sclerotic changes of the dermis on day 3 of the subcutaneous injections of bleomycin, while wild-type mice did not. The expression levels of fibrogenic cytokines, procollagen α1, and MMP-2 and MMP-9 mRNA were unaffected in the skin of both wild-type and TNFRp55−/− mice, with or without bleomycin treatment. Induction of MMP-1 expression was significantly inhibited in the skin from bleomycin-treated TNFRp55−/− mice, and this phenomenon was also observed in vitro.

Conclusion

These results indicated that signaling mediated by TNFRp55 plays an essential role in MMP-1 expression and a key role in the collagen degradation process in this murine model. This study might provide a basis for understanding the pathogenesis of scleroderma and formulating therapeutic intervention.