Exercise-related goals and self-efficacy as correlates of aquatic exercise in individuals with arthritis
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2003
Copyright © 2003 by the American College of Rheumatology
Arthritis Care & Research
Volume 49, Issue 3, pages 306–313, 15 June 2003
How to Cite
Gyurcsik, N. C., Estabrooks, P. A. and Frahm-Templar, M. J. (2003), Exercise-related goals and self-efficacy as correlates of aquatic exercise in individuals with arthritis. Arthritis & Rheumatism, 49: 306–313. doi: 10.1002/art.11123
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2003
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2003
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 JUL 2002
- Manuscript Received: 26 NOV 2001
- Kansas State University/Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Grant Number: (KS731)
- Aquatic exercise;
- Goal setting;
To examine whether aquatic exercise–related goals, task self-efficacy, and scheduling self-efficacy are predictive of aquatic exercise attendance in individuals with arthritis. A secondary objective was to determine whether high attendees differed from low attendees on goals and self-efficacy.
The sample comprised 216 adults with arthritis (mean age 69.21 years). Measures included exercise-related goal difficulty and specificity, task and scheduling self-efficacy, and 8-week aquatic exercise attendance.
Results of a multiple hierarchical regression analysis were significant (P < 0.01). Goal difficulty, specificity, and task self-efficacy were independent predictors of attendance (P < 0.05). A significant multivariate analysis of variance (P < 0.01) indicated that high attendees had higher task and scheduling self-efficacy and lower goal difficulty than did low attendees (P < 0.05).
Support for the importance of exercise-related goal setting and self-efficacy was demonstrated. Implications pertain to the design of interventions to impact aquatic exercise.