SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Pogrund H, Rutenberg M, Makin M, Robin G, Menczel J, Steinberg R. Osteoarthritis of the hip joint and osteoporosis: a radiological study in a random population sample in Jerusalem. Clin Orthop 1982; 164: 1305.
  • 2
    Cumming RG, Klineberg RJ. Epidemiological study of the relation between arthritis of the hip and hip fractures. Ann Rheum Dis 1993; 52: 70710.
  • 3
    Foss MV, Byers PD. Bone density, osteoarthrosis of the hip, and fracture of the upper end of the femur. Ann Rheum Dis 1972; 31: 25964.
  • 4
    Dequeker J. The relationship between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. Clin Rheum Dis 1985; 11: 27196.
  • 5
    Dequeker J. Inverse relationship of interface between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 1997; 24: 7958.
  • 6
    Kanis JA. Osteoporosis and osteopenia. J Bone Miner Res 1990; 5: 20911.
  • 7
    Nevitt MC, Lane NE, Scott JC, Hochberg MC, Pressman AR, Genant HK, et al, The Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Radiographic osteoarthritis of the hip and bone mineral density. Arthritis Rheum 1995; 38: 90716.
  • 8
    Burger H, van Daele PL, Algra D, van den Ouweland FA, Grobbee DE, Hofman A, et al. The association between age and bone mineral density in men and women aged 55 years and over: the Rotterdam Study. Bone Miner 1994; 25: 113.
  • 9
    Hannan MT, Anderson JJ, Zhang Y, Levy D, Felson DT. Bone mineral density and knee osteoarthritis in elderly men and women: the Framingham study. Arthritis Rheum 1993; 36: 167180.
  • 10
    Antoniades L, MacGregor AJ, Matson M, Spector TD. A cotwin control study of the relationship between hip osteoarthritis and bone mineral density. Arthritis Rheum 2000; 43: 14505.
  • 11
    Legrand E, Chappard D, Pascaretti C, Duquenne M, Rondeau C, Simon Y, et al. Bone mineral density and vertebral fractures in men. Osteoporos Int 1999; 10: 26570.
  • 12
    De Laet CE, van Hout BA, Burger H, Hofman A, Pols HA. Bone density and risk of hip fracture in men and women: cross sectional analysis. BMJ 1997; 315: 2215.
  • 13
    Marshall D, Johnell O, Wedel H. Meta-analysis of how well measures of bone mineral density predict occurrence of osteoporotic fractures. BMJ 1996; 312: 12549.
  • 14
    Byers PD, Contepomi CA, Farkas TA. A post mortem study of the hip joint: including the prevalence of the features of the right side. Ann Rheum Dis 1970; 29: 1531.
  • 15
    Dequeker J, Johnell O. Osteoarthritis protects against femoral neck fracture: the MEDOS study experience. Bone 1993; 14: S516.
  • 16
    Kanis J, Johnell O, Gullberg B, Allander E, Elffors L, Ranstam J, et al, Mediterranean Osteoporosis Study. Risk factors for hip fracture in men from southern Europe: the MEDOS study. Osteoporosis Int 1999; 9: 4554.
  • 17
    Jones G, Nguyen T, Sambrook PN, Lord SR, Kelly PJ, Eisman JA. Osteoarthritis, bone density, postural stability, and osteoporotic fractures: a population based study. J Rheumatol 1995; 22: 9215.
  • 18
    Arden NK, Nevitt MC, Lane NE, Gore LR, Hochberg MC, Scott JC, et al, Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Osteoarthritis and risk of falls, rates of bone loss, and osteoporotic fractures. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 137885.
  • 19
    Hofman A, Grobbee DE, de Jong PT, van den Ouweland FA. Determinants of disease and disability in the elderly: the Rotterdam Elderly Study. Eur J Epidemiol 1991; 7: 40322.
  • 20
    Odding E, Valkenburg HA, Algra D, Vandenouweland FA, Grobbee DE, Hofman A. Associations of radiological osteoarthritis of the hip and knee with locomotor disability in the Rotterdam Study. Ann Rheum Dis 1998; 57: 2038.
  • 21
    Burger H, van Daele PL, Odding E, Valkenburg HA, Hofman A, Grobbee DE, et al. Association of radiographically evident osteoarthritis with higher bone mineral density and increased bone loss with age: the Rotterdam Study. Arthritis Rheum 1996; 39: 816.
  • 22
    Kellgren JH, Ball J. Atlas of standard radiographs of arthritis. Volume 2. The epidemiology of chronic rheumatism. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications; 1963.
  • 23
    Burnett S, Hart DJ, Cooper C, Spector TD. A radiographic atlas of osteoarthritis. London: Springer Verlag; 1994.
  • 24
    McCloskey EV, Spector TD, Eyres KS, Fern ED, O'Rourke N, Vasikaran S, Kanis JA. The assessment of vertebral deformity: a method for use in population studies and clinical trials. Osteoporosis Int 1993; 3: 13847.
  • 25
    Fries JF, Spitz PW, Young DY. The dimensions of health outcomes: the health assessment questionnaire, disability and pain scales. J Rheumatol 1982; 9: 78993.
  • 26
    Siegert CE, Vleming LJ, Vandenbroucke JP, Cats A. Measurement of disability in Dutch rheumatoid arthritis patients. Clin Rheumatol 1984; 3: 3059.
  • 27
    Odding E, Valkenburg HA, Algra D, Vandenouweland FA, Grobbee DE, Hofman A. Association of locomotor complaints and disability in the Rotterdam Study. Ann Rheum Dis 1995; 54: 7215.
  • 28
    Liu G, Peacock M, Eilam O, Dorulla G, Braunstein E, Johnston CC. Effect of osteoarthritis in the lumbar spine and hip on bone mineral density and diagnosis of osteoporosis in elderly men and women. Osteoporosis Int 1997; 7: 5649.
  • 29
    Rand T, Schneider B, Grampp S, Wunderbaldinger P, Migsits H, Imhof H. Influence of osteophytic size on bone mineral density measured by dual x-ray absorptiometry. Acta Radiol 1997; 38: 2103.
  • 30
    Arden NK, Griffiths GO, Hart DJ, Doyle DV, Spector TD. The association between osteoarthritis and osteoporotic fracture: the Chingford Study. Br J Rheumatol 1996; 35: 1299304.
  • 31
    Cooper C, Inskip H, Croft P, Campbell L, Smith G, McLaren M, et al. Individual risk factors for hip osteoarthritis: obesity, hip injury, and physical activity. Am J Epidemiol 1998; 147: 51622.
  • 32
    Felson DT, Zhang Y, Hannan MT, Naimark A, Weissman B, Aliabadi P, et al. Risk factors for incident radiographic knee osteoarthritis in the elderly: the Framingham study. Arthritis Rheum 1997; 40: 72833.
  • 33
    Felson DT, Anderson JJ, Naimark A, Hannan MT, Kannel WB, Meenan RF. Does smoking protect against osteoarthritis? Arthritis Rheum 1989; 32: 16672.
  • 34
    Nevitt MC, Cummings SR, Kidd S, Black D. Risk factors for recurrent nonsyncopal falls: a prospective study. JAMA 1989; 261: 26638.
  • 35
    Cooper C, Atkinson EJ, O'Fallon WM, Melton LJ 3rd. Incidence of clinically diagnosed vertebral fractures: a population-based study in Rochester, Minnesota, 1985–1989. J Bone Miner Res 1992; 7: 2217.
  • 36
    Gregg EW, Cauley JA, Seeley DG, Ensrud KE, Bauer DC, Study of Osteoporotic Fractures Research Group. Physical activity and osteoporotic fracture risk in older women. Ann Intern Med 1998; 129: 818.
  • 37
    Kamibayashi L, Wyss UP, Cooke TD, Zee B. Trabecular microstructure in the medial condyle of the proximal tibia of patients with knee osteoarthritis. Bone 1995; 17: 2735.
  • 38
    Mansell JP, Bailey AJ. Abnormal cancellous bone collagen metabolism in osteoarthritis. J Clin Invest 1998; 101: 1596603.
  • 39
    Ding M, Dalstra M, Linde F, Hvid I. Changes in the stiffness of the human tibial cartilage-bone complex in early-stage osteoarthrosis. Acta Orthop Scand 1998; 69: 35862.
  • 40
    Ding M. Age variations in the properties of human tibial trabecular bone and cartilage. Acta Orthop Scand Suppl 2000; 292: 145.
  • 41
    Day JS, Ding M, van der Linden JC, Hvid I, Sumner DR, Weinans H. A decreased subchondral trabecular bone tissue elastic modulus is associated with pre-arthritic cartilage damage. J Orthop Res 2001; 19: 9148.
  • 42
    Aspden RM, Scheven BA, Hutchison JD. Osteoarthritis as a systemic disorder including stromal cell differentiation and lipid metabolism. Lancet 2001; 357: 111820.
  • 43
    Sowers M, Lachance L, Jamadar D, Hochberg MC, Hollis B, Crutchfield M, et al. The associations of bone mineral density and bone turnover markers with osteoarthritis of the hand and knee in pre- and perimenopausal women. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 4839.
  • 44
    Hart DJ, Cronin C, Daniels M, Worthy T, Doyle DV, Spector TD. The relationship of bone density and fracture to incident and progressive radiographic osteoarthritis of the knee: the Chingford study. Arthritis Rheum 2002; 46: 929.
  • 45
    Gevers G, Dequeker J, Geusens P, Nyssen-Behets C, Dhem A. Physical and histomorphological characteristics of iliac crest bone differ according to the grade of osteoarthritis at the hand. Bone 1989; 10: 1737.
  • 46
    Gevers G, Dequeker J, Martens M, Van Audekercke R, Nyssen-Behets C, Dhem A. Biomechanical characteristics of iliac crest bone in elderly women according to osteoarthritis grade at the hand joints. J Rheumatol 1989; 16: 6603.
  • 47
    Dequeker J, Mohan S, Finkelman RD, Aerssens J, Baylink DJ. Generalized osteoarthritis associated with increased insulin-like growth factor types I and II and transforming growth factor beta in cortical bone from the iliac crest: possible mechanism of increased bone density and protection against osteoporosis. Arthritis Rheum 1993; 36: 17028.
  • 48
    Naganathan V, Zochling J, March L, Sambrook PN. Peak bone mass is increased in the hip in daughters of women with osteoarthritis. Bone 2002; 30: 28792.
  • 49
    Ushiyama T, Ueyama H, Inoue K, Nishioka J, Ohkubo I, Hukuda S. Estrogen receptor gene polymorphism and generalized osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 1998; 25: 1347.
  • 50
    Loughlin J, Sinsheimer JS, Mustafa Z, Carr AJ, Clipsham K, Bloomfield VA, et al Association analysis of the vitamin D receptor gene, the type I collagen gene COL1A1, and the estrogen receptor gene in idiopathic osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 77984.
  • 51
    Uitterlinden AG, Burger H, Huang Q, Odding E, Duijn CM, Hofman A, et al. Vitamin D receptor genotype is associated with radiographic osteoarthritis at the knee. J Clin Invest 1997; 100: 25963.
  • 52
    Houston LA, Grant SF, Reid DM, Ralston SH. Vitamin D receptor polymorphism, bone mineral density, and osteoporotic vertebral fracture: studies in a UK population. Bone 1996; 18: 24952.
  • 53
    Keen RW, Woodford-Richens KL, Grant SF, Ralston SH, Lanchbury JS, Spector TD. Association of polymorphism at the type I collagen (COL1A1) locus with reduced bone mineral density, increased fracture risk, and increased collagen turnover. Arthritis Rheum 1999; 42: 28590.
  • 54
    Uitterlinden AG, Weel AE, Burger H, Fang Y, van Duijn CM, Hofman A, et al. Interaction between the vitamin D receptor gene and collagen type Ialpha1 gene in susceptibility for fracture. J Bone Miner Res 2001; 16: 37985.
  • 55
    Langdahl BL, Lokke E, Carstens M, Stenkjaer LL, Eriksen EF. A TA repeat polymorphism in the estrogen receptor gene is associated with osteoporotic fractures but polymorphisms in the first exon and intron are not. J Bone Miner Res 2000; 15: 222230.
  • 56
    Ding M, Hvid I. Quantification of age-related changes in the structure model type and trabecular thickness of human tibial cancellous bone. Bone 2000; 26: 2915.
  • 57
    Ito M, Nakamura T, Matsumoto T, Tsurusaki K, Hayashi K. Analysis of trabecular microarchitecture of human iliac bone using microcomputed tomography in patients with hip arthrosis with or without vertebral fracture. Bone 1998; 23: 1639.