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References

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    (Original) Bellamy N. WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index: a User's Guide. London, (Canada); 1982.
  • 2
    Bellamy N. WOMAC™ User Guide. Queensland (Australia). www.womac.org, accessed March 21, 2003.
  • 3
    Bellamy N, Campbell J, Hill J, Band P. A comparative study of telephone versus onsite completion of the WOMAC 3.0 Osteoarthritis Index. J Rheumatol 2002; 29: 7836.
  • 4
    Bellamy N, Campbell J, Stevens J, Pilcher L, Stewart C, Mahmood Z. Validation study of a computerized version of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities VA3.0 Osteoarthritis Index. J Rheumatol 1997; 24: 24135.
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    Barr S, Bellamy N, Buchanan WW, Chalmers A, Ford PM, Kean WF, et al. A comparative study of signal versus aggregate methods of outcome measurement based on the WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index. J Rheumatol 1994; 21: 210612.
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    Choquette D, Bellamy N, Raynauld JP. A French-Canadian version of the WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index [abstract]. Arthritis Rheum 1994; 37 Suppl 9: S226.
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    Faucher M, Poiraudeau S, Lefevre-Colau MM, Rannou F, Fermanian J, Revel M. Algo-functional assessment of knee osteoarthritis: comparison of the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the Womac and Lequesne indexes. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002; 10: 60210.
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    Theiler R, Sangha S, Schaeren S, Michel BA, Tyndal A, Dick W, et al. Superior responsiveness of the pain and function sections of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) as compared to the Lequesne-algofunctional Index in patients with osteoarthritis of the lower extremities. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1999; 7: 5159.
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    Theiler R, Spielberger J, Bischoff HA, Bellamy N, Huber J, Kroesen S. Clinical evaluation of the WOMAC 3.0 OA Index in numerical rating scale format using a computerized touch screen. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2002; 10: 47981.
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    Roos EM, Klässbo M, Lohmander LS. Reliability, validity and responsiveness in patients with arthroscopically assessed osteoarthritis. Scand J Rheumatol 1999; 28: 2105.
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    Thumboo J, Chew LH, Soh CH. Validation of the Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index in Asians with osteoarthritis in Singapore. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2001; 9: 4406.
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    Wright JG, Young NL. A comparison of different indices of responsiveness. J Clin Epidemiol 1997; 50: 23946.
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    Wolfe F, Kong SX. Rasch analysis of the Western Ontario MacMaster questionnaire (WOMAC) in 2205 patients with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia. Ann Rheum Dis 1999; 58: 5638.
  • 20
    McGrory BJ, Harris WH. Can the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index be used to evaluate different hip joints in the same patient. J Arthroplasty 1996; 11: 8414.
  • 21
    Bellamy N, Buchanan WW, Goldsmith CH, Campbell J, Stitt LW. Validation study of WOMAC: a health status instrument for measuring clinically important patient relevant outcomes to antirheumatic drug therapy in patients with osteoarthritis of the hip or knee. J Rheumatol 1988; 15: 183340.
  • 22
    Bellamy N, Buchanan WW, Goldsmith CH, Campbell J, Stitt LW. Validation study of WOMAC, a health status instrument for measuring clinically important patient relevant outcomes following total hip or knee arthroplasty in osteoarthritis. J Orthop Rheumatol 1988; 1: 95108.
  • 23
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  • 24
    Bellamy N, Wells G, Campbell J. Relationship between severity and clinical importance of symptoms in osteoarthritis. Clin Rheumatol 1991; 10: 13843.
  • 25
    Bullens PHJ, van Loon CJM, de Waal Malefit MC, Laan RFJM, Veth RPH. Patient satisfaction after total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2001; 16: 7407.
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    Robertsson O, Dunbar MJ. Patient satisfaction compared with general health and disease-specific questionnaires in knee arthroplasty patients. J Arthroplasty 2001; 16: 47682.
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    Bombardier C, Melfi CA, Paul J, Green R, Hawker G, Wright J, et al. Comparison of a generic and a disease-specific measure of pain and physical function after knee replacement surgery. Med Care 1995; 33: AS13144.
  • 28
    Ryser L, Wright BD, Aeschlimann A, Mariacher-Gehler S, Stucki G. A new look at the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index using rasch analysis. Arthritis Care Res 1999; 12: 3315.
  • 29
    Roos EM, Roos HP, Lohmander LS. WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index: additional dimensions for use in subjects with post-traumatic osteoarthritis of the knee. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 1999; 7: 21621.
  • 30
    Brazier JE, Harper R, Munro J, Walters SJ, Snaith ML. Generic and condition-specific outcome measures for people with osteoarthritis of the knee. Rheumatology (Oxford) 1999; 38: 8707.
  • 31
    Ehrich EW, Schnitzer TJ, McIlwain H, Levy R, Wolfe F, Weisman M, et al. Effect of specific COX-2 inhibition in osteoarthritis of the knee: a 6 week double blind, placebo controlled pilot study of Rofecoxib. J Rheumatol 1999; 26: 243847.
  • 32
    Davies GM, Watson DJ, Bellamy N. Comparison of the responsiveness and relative effect size of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index and the Short-Form Medical Outcomes Study Survey in a randomized, clinical trial of osteoarthritis patients. Arthritis Care Res 1999; 12: 1729.
  • 33
    Boardman DL, Dorey F, Thomas BJ, Lieberman JR. The accuracy of assessing total hip arthroplasty outcomes: a prospective correlation study of walking ability and 2 validated measurement devices. J Arthroplasty 2000; 15: 2004.
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    McGrory BJ, Freiberg AA, Shinar AA, Harris WH. Correlation of measured range of hip motion following total hip arthroplasty and responses to a questionnaire. J Arthroplasty 1996; 11: 56571.
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    Lin YC, Davey RC, Cochrane T. Tests of physical function of the elderly with knee and hip osteoarthritis. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2001; 11: 2806.
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    Allyson JC, Voaklander DC, Johnston DWC, Suarez-Almazor M. The effect of age on pain, function, and quality of life after total hip and knee arthroplasty. Arch Intern Med 2001; 161: 45460.
  • 37
    Nilsdotter AK, Roos EM, Westerlund JP, Roos HP, Lohmander LS. Comparative responsiveness of measures of pain and function after total hip replacement. Arthritis Rheum (Arthritis Care Res) 2001; 45: 25862.
  • 38
    Lingard EA, Katz J, Wright RJ, Wright EA, Sledge CB, the Kinemax Outcomes Group. Validity and responsiveness of the Knee Society clinical rating system in comparison with the SF-36 and WOMAC. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2001; 83: 185664.
  • 39
    Bellamy N, Kean WF, Buchanan WW, Gerecz-Simon, Campbell J. Double blind randomized controlled trial of sodium meclofenamate (Meclomen) and diclofenac sodium (Voltaen): post validation reapplication of the WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index. J Rheumatol 1992; 19: 1539.
  • 40
    Bachmeier CJM, March LM, Cross MJ, Lapsley HM, Tribe KL, Courtenay BG, et al. A comparison of outcomes in osteoarthritis patients undergoing total hip and knee replacement surgery. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2001; 9: 13746.
  • 41
    Angst F, Aeschlimann A, Steiner W, Stucki G. Responsiveness of the WOMAC Osteoarthritis Index as compared with the SF-36 in patients with osteoarthritis of the legs undergoing a comprehensive rehabilitation program. Ann Rheum Dis 2001; 60: 83440.
  • 42
    Ehrich EW, Davies GM, Watson DJ, Bolognese JA, Seidenberg BC, Bellamy N. Minimal perceptible improvement with the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index Questionnaire and global assessments in patients with osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 2000; 27: 263541.
  • 43
    Angst F, Aeschlimann A, Stucki G. Smallest detectable and minimal clinically important differences of rehabilitation intervention with their implications for required sample sizes using WOMAC and SF-36 quality of life measurement instruments in patients with osteoarthritis of the lower extremities. Arthritis Rheum (Arthritis Care Res) 2001; 45: 38491.
  • 44
    McConnell S, Kolopack P, Davis AM. The Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC): a review of its utility and measurement properties. Arthritis Rheum (Arthritis Care Res) 2001; 45: 45361.
  • 45
    Wolfe F. Determinants of WOMAC function, pain and stiffness scores: evidence for the role of low back pain, symptom counts, fatigue and depression in osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia. Rheumatol 1999; 38: 35561.
  • 46
    Saleh KJ, Radosevich DM, Kassim RA, Moussa M, Dykes D, Bottolfson H, et al. Comparison of commonly used orthopedic outcome measures using palm-top computers and paper surveys. J Orthop Res 2002; 20: 114651.