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References

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    (Original) Spitzer RL, Williams JBW, Kroenke K, Linzer M, deGruy FV III, Hahn SR, et al. Utility of anew procedure for diagnosing mental disorders inprimary care: the PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA 1994; 272: 174956.
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    Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Williams JBW, the PatientHealth Questionnaire Primary Care Study Group: Validation and utility of a self-report version ofPRIME-MD: the PHQ (Patient Health Questionnaire)primary care study. JAMA 1999; 282: 173744.
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    Jackson JL, O'Malley PG, Kroenke K. Clinicalpredictors of mental disorders among medicaloutpatients: validation of the “S4” model. Psychosomatics 1998; 39: 4316.
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    Brody DS, Hahn SR, Spitzer RL, Kroenke K, Linzer M, deGruy FVIII , et al. Identifying patients withdepression in the primary care setting: a moreefficient method. Arch Intern Med 1998; 158: 246975.
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    Hahn SR, Kroenke K, Williams JBW, Spitzer RL. Evaluation of mental disorders with the PRIMEMD.In: MaruishME, editor. Handbook ofpsychological assessment in primary care settings, 2nd edition. Mahwah (NJ): Lawrence ErlbaumAssociates; 2000. p. 191253.
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    Kroenke K, Spitzer RL, Williams JBW. The PHQ-9:validity of a brief depression severity measure. J Gen Intern Med 2001; 16: 60613.