• 1
    Wood DD: Comparison of the plaque-stimulating and thymocyte stimulating activities derived from human monocytes. Ann NY Acad Sci 332: 491502, 1979
  • 2
    Mizel SB, Dayer JM, Krane SM, Mergenhagen SE: Stimulation of rheumatoid synovial cell collagenase and prostaglandin production by partially purified lymphocyte-activating factor (interleukin 1). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 78: 24742477, 1981
  • 3
    Deshmukh-Phadke K, Nanda S, Lee K: Macrophage factor that induces neutral protease secretion by normal rabbit chondrocytes. Eur J Biochem 104: 175180, 1980
  • 4
    McGuire MKB, Wood DD, Meats JE, Ebsworth NM, Gowen M, Russell RGG: Partially purified B cell-activating factor stimulates production of prostaglandin and plasminogen activator by human chrondocytes and synovial cells in vitro. Calcif Tissue Int 34: 510, 1982
  • 5
    Dayer JM, Goldring SR, Robinson DR, Krane SM: Cell-cell interactions and collagenase production, Collagenase in Normal and Pathological Connective Tissues. Edited by DEWoolley, JMEvanson. New York, Wiley & Sons Ltd., 1980, pp 83104
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    Stastny P, Rosenthal M, Andreis M, Ziff M: Lymphokines in the rheumatoid joint. Arthritis Rheum 18: 237243, 1975
  • 7
    Crout JE, McDuffie FC, Ritts RE Jr: Induction of peripheral blood lymphocyte transformation by autologous synovial fluid lymphocytes and synovial fluid. Arthritis Rheum 19: 523531, 1976
  • 8
    Kinsella TD: Transformation of human lymphocytes in vitro by autologous and allogeneic rheumatoid synovial fluids. Ann Rheum Dis 35: 813, 1976
  • 9
    Meltzer MS, Oppenheim JJ: Bidirectional amplification of macrophage-lymphocyte interactions: enhanced lymphocyte activation factor production by activated adherent mouse peritoneal cells. J Immunol 118: 7782, 1977
  • 10
    Moore RN, Oppenheim JJ, Farrar JJ, Carter CS Jr, Waheed A, Shadduck RK: Production of lymphocyte-activating factor (interleukin-1) by macrophages activated with colony-stimulating factors. J Immunol 125: 13021305, 1980
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    Oppenheim JJ, Moore R, Gmelig-Meyling F, Togawa A, Wahl S, Mathieson BJ, Dougherty S, Carter C: Role of cytokine-and endotoxin-induced monokines in lymphocyte proliferation, differentiation, and immunoglobulin production, Macrophage Regulation of Immunity. Edited by ERUnanue, ASRosenthal. New York, Academic Press, 1980, pp 379398
  • 12
    Zvaifler N: The immunopathology of joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis. Adv Immunol 16: 265336, 1973
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    Gery I, Gershon RK, Waksman BH: T-lymphocytic response to mitogens. I. The responding cell. J Exp Med 136: 128142, 1972
  • 14
    Dinarello CA, Renfer L, Wolff SM: Human leukocytic pyrogen: purification and development of a radio-immunoassay. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 74: 46244627, 1977
  • 15
    Rosenwasser LJ, Dinarello CA: Ability of human leukocytic pyrogen to enhance phytohemagglutinin induced murine thymocyte proliferation. Cell Immunol 63: 134142, 1981
  • 16
    Wood DD: Purification and properties of human B cell-activating factor. J Immunol 123: 23952399, 1979
  • 17
    Wood DD: Mechanism of action of human B cell-activating factor. I. Comparison of plaque-stimulating activity with thymocyte-stimulating activity. J Immunol 123: 24002407, 1979
  • 18
    Watson J, Gillis S, Marbrook J, Mochizuki D, Smith KA: Biochemical and biological characterization of lymphocyte regulatory molecules. I. Purification of a class of murine lymphokines. J Exp Med 150: 849854, 1979
  • 19
    Wood DD, Cameron PM: The relationship between bacterial endotoxin and human B cell-activating factor. J Immunol 121: 5360, 1978
  • 20
    Gately CL, Gately MK, Mayer MM: The molecular dimensions of mitogenic factor from guinea pig lymph node cells. J Immunol 114: 1017, 1975
  • 21
    Nakamura S, Goto F, Goto K, Yoshinaga M: Physiochemical characterization of a PMN-derived soluble factor that enhances lymphocyte DNA synthesis. J Immunol 128: 26142621, 1982
  • 22
    Bodel PT, Hollingsworth JW: Pyrogen release from human synovial exudate cells. Br J Exp Pathol 49: 1119, 1968
  • 23
    Murphy PA, Simon LP, Willoughby WF: Endogenous pyrogens made by rabbit peritoneal exudate cells are identical with lymphocyte-activating factors made by rabbit alveolar macrophages. J Immunol 124: 24982501, 1980
  • 24
    Fontana A, Hengartner H, Weber E, Fehr K, Grob PJ, Cohen G: Interleukin 1 activity in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatol Int 2: 4953, 1982
  • 25
    Smith KA, Gilbride KJ, Favata MF: Lymphocyte activating factor promotes T cell growth factor production by cloned murine lymphoma cells. Nature 287: 853855, 1980
  • 26
    Ise K, Nakamura S, Ohkawara S, Yoshinaga M: DNA synthesis-potentiating activity on mouse thymocytes of synovial fluid of rheumatoid arthritis patients. Acta Pathol Jpn 32: 491503, 1982
  • 27
    Merriman CR, Pulliam LA, Kampschmidt RF: Comparison of leukocytic pyrogen and leukocytic endogenous mediator. Proc Exp Biol Med 154: 224227, 1977
  • 28
    Sztein MB, Vogel SN, Sipe JD, Murphy PA, Mizel SB, Oppenheim JJ, Rosenstreich DL: The role of macrophages in the acute phase response: SAA inducer is closely related to lymphocyte activating factor and endogenous pyrogen. Cell Immunol 64: 164176, 1981
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    McAdam KPWJ, Dinarello CA: Induction of serum amyloid A synthesis by human leukocytic pyrogen, Bacterial Endotoxins and Host Response. Edited by MKAgarwal, New York, Elsevier, 1980, pp 167178
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    Lugar TA, Sztein MB, Schmidt JA, Grabner G, Murphy P, Oppenheim JJ: Epidermal cell thymocyte activity factor (ETAF) functions to amplify immunologic and inflammatory reactions, Proceedings of the Third International Lymphokine Workshop. Edited by JJ Oppenheim, SA Cohen, (in press)
  • 31
    Wood DD, Cameron PM: Studies on the mechanism of stimulation of the humoral response of murine spleen cultures by culture fluids from human monocytes. J Immunol 114: 10941100, 1975
  • 32
    Hoffmann MK, Watson J: Helper T cell-replacing factors secreted by thymus-derived cells and macrophages: cellular requirements for B cell activation and synergistic properties. J Immunol 122: 13411375, 1979
  • 33
    Wood DD, Staruch MJ, Durette PL, Melvin WV, Graham BK: Role of IL-1 in the adjuvanticity of muramyl dipeptide in vivo. Proceedings of the Third International Lymphokine Workshop. Edited by JJ Oppenheim, S Cohen, (in press)
  • 34
    Smiley JD, Sacks C, Ziff M: In vitro synthesis of immunoglobulin by rheumatoid synovial membrane. J Clin Invest 47: 624632, 1968
  • 35
    Ben-Zvi A, Mizel SB, Oppenheim JJ: Generation of human peripheral blood stable E-rosette-forming T cells by interleukin 1. Clin Immunol Immunopathol 19: 330337, 1981
  • 36
    Galili U, Rosenthal L, Klein E: Activated T cells in the synovial fluid of arthritic patients. II. In vitro activation of the autologous blood lymphocytes. J Immunol 127: 430432, 1981
  • 37
    Hadler NM, Granovetter DA: Phlogistic properties of bacterial debris. Semin Arthritis Rheum 8: 116, 1978
  • 38
    Stakatvala J, Dingle JT: Identification of catabolin, a protein from synovium which induces degradation of cartilage in organ culture. Biochem Biophys Res Comm 96: 12251231, 1980
  • 39
    Meats JE, McGuire MB, Russell RGG: Human synovium releases a factor which stimulates chrondrocytic production of PGE and plasminogen activator. Nature 286: 891892, 1980